강우모의기법과 강우-유출 모형을 연계한 댐 유입량 자료 생성기법 개발

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김태정;소병진;유민석;권현한
Kim, Tae-Jeong;So, Byung-Jin;Ryou, Min-Suk;Kwon, Hyun-Han

  • 투고 : 2016.01.29
  • 심사 : 2016.02.23
  • 발행 : 2016.04.30

초록

일반적으로 하천의 유량은 댐과 같은 수공구조물에 의해 조정된 유량으로 수자원계획을 위해서 필요한 자연유량과는 차이가 크다. 수자원계획을 수립함에 있어 자연 유입량 정보는 댐 운영과 수문분석을 위한 필수적인 정보이다. 본 연구에서는 댐 유역 일유입량 모의기법을 위한 통합 모형을 개발하였다. 첫째, 장기 강우-유출 모형의 입력강우자료로 사용하기 위하여 평균 및 중앙값과 같은 통계적 모멘트를 효과적으로 재현하고 극치 강우량 재현에 유리한 불연속 Kernel-Pareto 확률분포 기반의 강우모의기법을 통하여 강우모의를 수행하였다. 둘째, SAC-SMA 장기 강우-유출 모형의 매개변수를 Bayesian MCMC 기법을 통하여 최적화하여 산정된 매개변수의 사후분포를 활용하여 댐 유입량 시나리오 도출하였다. 댐 유역을 대상으로 개발된 모형을 평가한 결과 자연유량과 통계적으로 유사한 특성을 가지는 시나리오를 생성할 수 있었으며, 물수지 분석 등과 같은 수자원계획을 위한 시나리오로 활용이 가능할 것으로 판단된다.

키워드

유량;강우모의;강우-유출 모형

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과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : 국토교통부