인천 옹진 굴업도의 식물상과 비교사례 연구

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오현경;한윤희;김은옥;김영하
Oh, Hyun-Kyung;Han, Yun-Hee;Kim, Eun-Ok;Kim, Young-Ha

  • 투고 : 2016.02.11
  • 심사 : 2016.04.01
  • 발행 : 2016.04.30

초록

본 연구는 인천광역시 옹진군 굴업도의 식물상과 기존문헌과의 비교사례를 조사한 것으로, 굴업도의 전체식물상은 81과 201속 252종 3아종 22변종 5품종으로 총 282분류군이 확인되었다. 식물의 생활형 중 휴면형은 반지중식물이 66분류군(23.4%), 번식형 중 지하기관형은 단립식물($R_5$)이 160분류군(56.7%), 산포기관형은 중력산포형($D_4$)이 137분류군(48.6%), 생육형은 직립형(e)이 117분류군(41.5%)으로 각각 가장 높게 분석되었다. 이중 염생식물은 솔장다리, 방울비짜루 등 23분류군이, 희귀식물은 세뿔석위, 금방망이 등 7분류군이, 특산식물은 새끼노루귀, 해변싸리 등 5분류군이 각각 확인되었다. 또한 식물구계학적 특정식물은 V등급에 금방망이 1분류군, III등급에 세뿔석위, 병아리꽃나무 등 8분류군, II등급에 돌뽕나무, 흰대극 등 6분류군, I등급에 백선, 순비기나무 등 23분류군으로 도합 38분류군이 확인되었다. 귀화식물은 아까시나무, 털빕새귀리 등 17분류군으로, 이중 돼지풀은 생태계교란식물이다. 조사된 전체 282분류군의 관속식물 중 귀화율(NR)은 6.0%에 해당되며, 도시화지수(UI)는 우리나라 귀화식물 321분류군의 5.3%에 해당된다. 굴업도와 인접해 있는 백아도는 현지 조사하였으며, 인천광역시 옹진군, 강화군 무인도서와 백령도, 대청도 등 총 41개 섬의 기존문헌을 정리한 결과, 평균 출현종수는 약 89분류군, 희귀식물은 약 2종, 특산식물은 약 1종, 귀화식물은 약 4종으로 각각 분석되었다. 본 연구는 굴업도에 분포하는 식물상과 인근도서의 기존문헌과 비교를 통해 굴업도의 자연성을 지속적으로 유지하는데 기초자료로 활용하고자 수행하였다.

키워드

생활형;희귀 및 특산식물;특정식물;귀화식물;백아도

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