Study of the determination of 226Ra in soil using liquid scintillation counter

액체섬광계수기를 이용한 토양 중 226Ra 분석 방법 연구

  • Received : 2015.12.23
  • Accepted : 2016.04.20
  • Published : 2016.04.25


This study presented an analytical method for detecting radium in soils using a liquid scintillation counter (LSC). The isotope 226Ra was extracted from soil using the fusion method and then separated from interfering radionuclides using the precipitation method. Radium was coprecipitated as sulfate salts with barium (Ba) and then converted into Ba(Ra)CO3, which is soluble in an acidic solution. The isotope 222Rn, the decay progeny of 226Ra, was trapped in a water immiscible cocktail and analyzed by LSC. The pulse shape analysis (PSA) level was estimated using 90Sr and 226Ra standard solutions. The figure of merit was the highest at PSA 80, while the alpha spillover was the lowest at PSA 80. The counting efficiency was 243 ± 2% in a glass vial. This analytical method was verified with International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) reference materials, including IAEA-312, IAEA-314, and IAEA-315. The recovery ranged from 60–82%, while the relative bias between the measured value and the recommended value was less than 10%. The minimum detectable activity was 2.1 Bq kg−1 with dry mass 1 g, the background count rate of 0.02 cpm, the recovery rate of 70% and counting time of 30 min.


radium-226;soil;radon emanation;liquid scintillation counter;PSA


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Cited by

  1. Comparison of the Quantulus 1220 and 300SL Liquid Scintillation Counters for the Analysis of222Rn in Groundwater vol.41, pp.4, 2016,
  2. 226Ra determination in complex samples using liquid scintillation counting vol.318, pp.3, 2018,


Grant : 원자력안전

Supported by : 한국원자력연구원