한국 남서해안 관매도와 영산도의 해조상 및 군집구조

Han, Su Jin;Jeon, Da Vine;Lee, Jung Rok;Na, Yeon Ju;Park, Seo Kyoung;Choi, Han Gil

  • 투고 : 2016.01.16
  • 심사 : 2016.02.22
  • 발행 : 2016.02.28


Seasonal variations in seaweed communities were examined at Gwanmaedo and Yeongsando, Korea, from May 2014 to February 2015. Eighty-nine species were identified, including 11 green, 20 brown and 58 red algae. Seventy-three and 74 species were identified at Gwanmaedo and at Yeongsando, respectively. Sargassum thunbergii and Myelophycus simplex were the dominant species, comprising 60.89 and 39.50% of total biomass, respectively, and S. fusiforme was subdominant at the two sites. Of six functional seaweed forms, the coarsely-branched form was the most dominant, forming about 43% of the species number at Gwanmaedo and Yeongsando. Seasonal seaweed biomasses ranged between 53.10 and 172.85 g/m2 (average 93.57 g dry wt./m2) and between 83.11 and 176.20 g (138.21 g/m2) at Gwanmaedo and Yeongsando, respectively. The vertical distribution from the high to low intertidal zone was S. thunbergii and Gloiopeltis furcata; M. simplex and S. thunbergii; and S. fusiforme at Gwanmaedo. Seaweed zonation was distinct at Yeongsando, with S. thunbergii and Gelidiophycus freshwateri; M. simplex and S. thunbergii; and S. thunbergii and S. fusiforme. Seaweed biomass, evenness index (J'), and diversity index (H') values were greater at Yeongsando (138.21 g/m2, 0.51, 2.18 respectively) than at Gwanmaedo (93.57 g/m2, 0.48, 2.04), indicating that the seaweed community at Yeongsando is more stable than that at Gwanmaedo.


Biomass;Community structure;Seaweed;Gwanmaedo;Yeongsando


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