New Simulation Method of Flashover Rate by Connection of EMTP and MATLAB



Seo, Hun-Chul;Han, Joon;Choi, Sun-Kyu;Lee, Byung-Sung;Kim, Chul-Hwan

  • 투고 : 2015.02.10
  • 심사 : 2016.01.15
  • 발행 : 2016.05.01


Because of the random characteristics of lightning, the Monte Carlo method is applied to estimate the flashover rate due to lightning, however, the simulations using previous methods are difficult to both beginner and expert in power corporations. Therefore, this paper proposes the new and easy method to simulate the flashover rate by connection of electromagnetic transients program (EMTP) and MATLAB. The magnitude of a lightning strike is based on a curve measured in the field, while the classification of direct and indirect lightning depends on the striking distance. In a Korean distribution system, the flashover rate induced by lightning is simulated using proposed method. Simulations of the footing resistance according to the existence of an overhead ground wire (OHGW) are performed and the simulation results are discussed. The simulation results are compared with findings obtained with the IEEE Flash 2.0 program.


Distribution system;EMTP;Flashover rate;Lightning;MATLAB


  1. Jiming Chen and Mingxiao Zhu, “Calculation of Lightning Flashover Rates of Overhead Distribution Lines Considering Direct and Indirect Strokes”, IEEE Trans. on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Vol. 56, No. 3, JUNE 2014.
  2. T. Lantharthong, N. Rugthaicharoencheep, K. Supanus, and A. Phayomhom, “Effect of Waveform and Impulse Resistance on Lightning Performance in Distribution System”, International Conference on Lightning Protection 2014.
  3. P. Chowdhuri, J. G. Anderson, W. A. Chisholm, T. E. Field, M. Ishii, J. A. Martinez, M. B. Marz, J. McDaniel, T. R. McDermott, A. M. Mousa,T. Narita, D. K. Nichols, and T. A. Short, “Parameters of Lightning Stroke: A Review”, IEEE Trans. On Power Delivery, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 346-358, January 2005.
  4. Mario Paolone, Carlo Alberto Nucci, Emanuel Petrache, and Farhad Rachidi, “Mitigation of Lightning-Induced Overvoltages in Medium Voltage Distribution Lines by Means of Periodical Grounding of Shielding Wires and of Surge Arresters: Modeling and Experimental Validation”, IEEE Trans. On Power Delivery, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 423-431, January 2004.
  5. CRIEPI, "Guide of Lightning Protection Design for Power Distribution Lines", JAPAN, 2002.
  6. H. Motoyama, Y. Kinoshita, and K. Nonaka, “Experimental study on lightning surge response of 500-kV transmission tower with overhead lines”, IEEE Trans. Power Del., vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 2488-2495, Oct. 2008.
  7. S. Yokoyama, K. Yamamoto, and H. Kinoshita, “Analogue simulation of lightning induced voltages and its application for analysis of overhead-ground-wire effects,” Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng., vol. 132, no. C-4, pp. 208-216, 1985.
  8. Alberto Borghetti, Carlo Alberto Nucci, Mario Paolone, “An Improved Procedure for the Assessment of Overhead Line Indirect Lightning Performance and Its Comparison with the IEEE Std. 1410 Method”, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 22, No. 1, pp. 684-692, January 2007.
  9. “Guide for improving the lightning performance of electric power overhead distribution lines”, IEEE Std 1410, 2010, IEEEWorking Group on the lightning performance of distribution lines.
  10. “IEEE Guide for improving the lightning performance of transmission lines”, IEEE Std. 1243, 1997, Working Group on Estimating the Lightning-Performance of Overhead Transmission Lines.
  13. F. Heidler, J. M. Cvetic, and B. V. Stantic, “Calculation of lightning current parameters”, IEEE Trans. Power Del., vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 399-404, Apr. 1999.
  14. Chul-Hwan Kim, Myung-Hee Lee, Raj K. Aggarwal, “Educational Use of EMTP MODELS for the Study of a Distance Relaying Algorithm for Protecting Transmission Lines”, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 9-15, February 2000.
  15. Sang-Min Yeo, Chul-Hwan Kim, “Analysis of Transient Overvoltage within 345kV Korean Thermal Plant”, Journal of Electrical Engineering & Technology, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 297-303, 2012.
  16. Chul-Won Park, Dong-Kwang Shin, Chul-Hwan Kim, Hak-Man Kim, Yoon-Sang Kim, “Study on Advanced Frequency Estimation Technique using Gain Compensation”, Journal of Electrical Engineering & Technology, Vol. 6, No.4, pp. 439-445, 2011.
  17. Hans Kristian Hoidalen, “Analytical Formulation of Lightning-Induced Voltages on Multiconductor Overhead Lines Above Lossy Ground”, IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Vol. 45, No. 1, pp. 92-100, February 2003.
  18. Alexandre Piantini, Jorge M. Janiszewski, “Lightning-Induced Voltages on Overhead Lines — Application of the Extended Rusck Model”, IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Vol. 52, No. 3, pp. 548-558, August 2009.
  19. F. Rachidi, C. A. Nucci, and M. Ianoz, “Transient analysis of multiconductor lines above a lossy ground,” IEEE Trans. on Power Delivery, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 294-302, Jan. 1999.
  20. M. Rubinstein, “An approximate formula for the calculation of the horizontal electric field from lightning at close, intermediate, and long range,” IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat., vol. 38, pp. 531-535, Aug. 1996.
  21. Keon-Woo Park, Hun-Chul Seo, Chul-Hwan Kim, Chang-Soo Jung, Yeon-Pyo Yoo, Yong-Hoon Lim, “Analysis of the Neutral Current for Two-Step-Type Poles in Distribution Lines”, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 1483-1489, July 2009.