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Soybean koji와 Rice koji를 첨가하여 발효한 도루묵(Arctoscopus japonicus) 액젓의 상온 저장 중 이화학적 품질변화

전준영;임영선;이미향;김병목;정인학
Jun, Joon-Young;Lim, Yeong-Seon;Lee, Mi-Hyang;Kim, Byoung-Mok;Jeong, In-Hak

  • 투고 : 2016.02.19
  • 심사 : 2016.04.05
  • 발행 : 2016.04.30

초록

We investigated changes in the physiochemical quality of sailfin sandfish sauces fermented with two kojis during long-term storage at room temperature. Four fish sauces, including a control, were prepared by salt-fermentation with soybean koji (S-koji) or rice koji (R-koji) after autolysis. During storage, for 12 months, the color and levels of amino acids, total volatile base nitrogen (T-VBN) and organic acids but not moisture, salt or total nitrogen levels or pH differed markedly according to fish sauce type. The total nitrogen level was highest in S-koji, but there was no difference in the rate of increase in amino acid levels among the four fish sauces during storage. The T-VBN, of autolysis and S-koji were significantly higher than those of the control and R-koji during the entire storage period (P<0.05). The initial organic acid level did not differ among the four fish sauces, whereas it was notably higher in R-koji than in the other sauces at the end of storage. Hunter L, a and b values decreased in all fish sauces with increasing storage time. In conclusion, soybean koji may enhance the levels of nitrogen compounds as well as T-VBN in fish sauce, while rice koji reduced the formation of excess T-VBN and increased organic acid levels during storage at room temperature.

키워드

Fish sauce;Arctoscopus japonicus;Koji;Physiochemical quality;Storage

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