Phylogenetic Study of Genus Haliotis in Korea by Cytochrome c Oxidase Subunit 1 and RAPD Analysis

Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1과 RAPD 분석에 의한 한국 전복속의 계통 연구

  • Received : 2016.01.04
  • Accepted : 2016.03.08
  • Published : 2016.04.30


Abalones are gastropod mollusks belonging to the genus Haliotis. Pacific abalones are regarded as a very important marine gastropod mollusk in Korea, Japan, China, and also in food industries around the world. In Korea, 6 species of abalone have been reported to occur along the coasts: Haliotis discus hannai, Haliotis discus discus, Haliotis madaka, Haliotis gigantea, Haliotis diversicolor supertexta, and Haliotis diversicolor diversicolor. This study was performed to discriminate the genetic variances by the partial sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) genes and random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis against four species of Pacific abalone (H. discus hannai, H. discus, H. madaka, H. gigantea). COI gene is reasonably well conserved and has been sequenced in various invertebrate taxa. The RAPD analysis technique is a relatively simple and low cost method that allows differentiation of taxa without the need to know their genomes. In this study, we investigated the genetic diversity, phylogenetic relationships within each species. The COI and RAPD analysis were able to distinguish between H. gigantea and the other three species. However, these analysis methods were inadequate to distinguish between H. discus and H. madaka. These results are believed to be able to provide a basis data for future hybrid breeding research by defining the genetically closely related four species of abalone, which is to develop new hybrid abalone for export using hybrid breeding.


COI (cytochrome c oxidase subunit I);Haliotis discus;Haliotis gigantea;Haliotis madaka;RAPD (random amplified polymorphic DNA)


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  1. Molecular and Physiological Aspects of Breeding Program for Development of Hybrids between Abalones Distributed in the Coast of Korea vol.26, pp.10, 2016,