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Lactic acid bacteria를 이용한 마늘 고체 발효에 따른 생리활성

이중복;주우홍;권기석
Lee, Jung-Bok;Joo, Woo-Hong;Kwon, Gi-Seok

  • 투고 : 2015.10.28
  • 심사 : 2016.01.22
  • 발행 : 2016.04.30

초록

마늘(Allium sativum L.)은 많은 아시아 지역의 나라에서 민간요법 및 추출물을 이용하여 다양하게 사용하고 있다. 국내 전통채소류들은 다양한 기능성과 강한 생리학적 활성을 가지고 있으며, 기능성 식품재료로 사용이 가능하다. 본 연구는 유산균을 이용하여 고체마늘 발효에 따른 생리활성을 조사하고자 하였다. 마늘 고체 발효를 위해 유산균을 한국전통 발효식품인 젓갈로부터 분리 및 KCTC로 부터 분양 받아 사용하였다. 발효유산균 선별은 MRS 고체배지에 디스크법을 이용하여 마늘 착즙액에 저항을 보이며 증식하는 유산균을 선택하였다. 선별된 유산균을 이용한 마늘 고체발효 추출물의 총 폴리페놀과 플라보노이드 농도가 731.0-845.2 ug/g과 92.68-413.58 ug/g로 각각 조사되었다. 그리고 DPPH 라디컬 활성과 SOD 유사활성은 양성대조구인 비타민 C 50 ppm 보다 높은 활성을 보였다. 또한, 항당뇨 활성인 α-glucosidase 저해활성은 유산균 발효마늘에서 양성대조구인 acarbose 50 ppm 보다 높은 저해활성을 보이는 것으로 조사되었다. 본 연구결과 유산균 발효 마늘의 생리학적 활성을 증대를 통해 향후 항산화 활성과 항당뇨 활성을 갖는 유산균 발효 마늘의 개발을 위해 유산균을 활용이 가능하며, 발효물을 이용하여 기능성 식·음료 소재로의 개발 가능성을 보일 것으로 사료된다.

키워드

Antioxidant activity;fermentation;functional food;garlic;probiotics

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