A Study on the Design of Standard Code for Hazardous and Noxious Substance Accidents at Sea

해상 HNS 사고 표준코드 설계에 관한 연구

  • Received : 2015.12.04
  • Accepted : 2016.04.27
  • Published : 2016.04.30


As the quantity of HNS sea trasport and the number of HNS accidents at sea are increasing recently, the importance of HNS management is emphasized so that we try to develop marine accident case standard code for making HNS accidents at sea databased systemically in this study. First and foremost, we draw the related requisites of essential accident reports along with internal and external decrees and established statistics of classified items for conducting study, and we referred to analogous standard codes obtained from developed countries in order to research code design. Code design is set like 'Accident occurrence ${\rightarrow}$ The initial accident information ${\rightarrow}$ Accident response ${\rightarrow}$ Accident investigation' in accordance with the general flow of marine HNS accidents of in which the accident information is input and queried. We classified initial accident information into the items of five categories and constructed "Preliminary Information Code(P.I.C.)". In addition we constructed accident response in two categories and accident investigation in three categories that get possible after the accident occurrence as called "Full Information(F.I.C.)", including the P.I.C. It is represented in 3 kinds of steps on each topic by departmentalizing the classified majority as classified middle class and classified minority. As a result of coding marine HNS accident and of the code to a typical example of marine HNS accident, HNS accident was ascertained to be represented sufficiently well. We expect that it is feasible to predict possible trouble or accident henceforward by applying code, and also consider that it is valuable to the preparedness, response and restoration in relation to HNS accidents at sea by managing systemically the data of marine HNS accidents which will occur in the future.


Accident Case Standard Code;Hazardous ans Noxious Substance(HNS);Preliminary Information Code;Full Information Code;Coding;Database


  1. IMO(2008), IMO Circular MSC 84/24/Add.1, 5, June, 2008.
  2. Jang, N. J., K. S. Han, W. So, J. W. Yong, Y. Yoon, E. S. Yoon(2009), "A Study of the Classification Codes and Database of Chemical Accidents", The Korean Institute of GAS, Spring Symposium, pp. 63-67.
  3. Lim, C. H.(2010), "A Study on the Introduction of IMO Casualty Investigation Code and Marine Safety Investigation System in Korea", The Korean Society of Marine environment & Safety, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 57-63.
  4. Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries(2011), Introduction of International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code.


Grant : 해양환경변화대응기술

Supported by : 한국해양과학기술원 부설 선박해양플랜트연구소