기업가정신이 사회적 기업의 성과에 미치는 영향

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이준희;김상욱
Lee, Jun-Hee;Kim, Sang-Wook

  • 투고 : 2016.12.14
  • 심사 : 2016.04.07
  • 발행 : 2016.04.30

초록

본 연구의 목적은 사회적 기업에서 기업가정신을 기반으로 기업의 성장과 분배를 통하여 지역사회와의 공진화 기반을 구축하기 위한 선순환 요소를 발굴하려는 것이다. 이를 위해서 기업가정신의 구성변인으로서 혁신성, 진취성, 위험감수성에 사회적 목적 추구를 추가하여 각각의 요인이 사회적 기업의 경제적 성과와 사회적 성과에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지를 확인하고자 하였다. 연구목적을 달성하기 위하여 독립변수로 구분된 기업가정신과 종속변수인 사회적 기업의 성과 간의 관계를 상관분석과 회귀분석을 통하여 검증하였다. 기업가정신이 사회적 기업의 경제적 성과와 사회적 성과에 미치는 영향의 실증분석을 위해 2개의 대가설과 8개의 소가설을 설정하였다. 연구 결과 경제적 성과 측면에서는 기업가의 진취성이 유의미한 영향을 끼치는 것으로 나타났으며, 사회적 성과 측면에서는 기업가의 혁신성과 위험감수성이 주요 변인으로 나타났다.

키워드

entrepreneurship;entrepreneurial elements;social performance;economic performance

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