Effect of Solution Treatment and Short Time Aging on Mechanical Properties of Cast Ti-6Al-4V Alloy

  • Oh, Seong-Tak ;
  • Woo, Kee-Do ;
  • Kwak, Seung-Mi ;
  • Kim, Jae-Hwang
  • Received : 2016.03.14
  • Accepted : 2016.04.14
  • Published : 2016.05.27


The effect of heat treatment on the microstructure and mechanical properties of cast Ti-6%Al-4%V alloy was investigated. Heat treatment of cast Ti-6Al-4V alloy was conducted by solution treatment at $950^{\circ}C$ for 30 min; this was followed by water quenching and then aging at $550^{\circ}C$ for 1 to 1440 min. The highest hardness of the heat-treated specimens was obtained by solution treatment and subsequent aging for 5 min due to precipitates of fine ${\alpha}$ that formed from retained ${\beta}$ phase. The tensile strength of this alloy increased without dramatic decrease of the ductility due to microstructural refinement resulting from the decomposition of ${\alpha}^{\prime}$ martensite into fine ${\alpha}$ and ${\beta}$ phases, and also due to the fine ${\alpha}$ phase formed from the retained ${\beta}$ phase by aging treatment for 5 min. In addition, this strengthening might be caused by the transformation induced plasticity (TRIP) effect, which is a strain-induced martensite transformation from the retained ${\beta}$ phase during deformation, and which occurs even after aging treatment at $550^{\circ}C$ for 5 min.


cast Ti-6Al-4V alloy;heat treatments;microstructure;hardness;tensile properties


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