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A Control and Protection Model for the Distributed Generation and Energy Storage Systems in Microgrids

Ballal, Makarand Sudhakar;Bhadane, Kishor V.;Moharil, Ravindra M.;Suryawanshi, Hiralal M.

  • Received : 2015.07.13
  • Accepted : 2015.10.23
  • Published : 2016.03.20

Abstract

The microgrid concept is a promising approach for injecting clean, renewable, and reliable electricity into power systems. It can operate in both the grid-connected and the islanding mode. This paper addresses the two main challenges associated with the operation of a microgrid i.e. control and protection. A control strategy for inverter based distributed generation (DG) and an energy storage system (ESS) are proposed to control both the voltage and frequency during islanding operation. The protection scheme is proposed to protect the lines, DG and ESS. Further, the control scheme and the protection scheme are coordinated to avoid nuisance tripping of the DG, ESS and loads. The feasibility of the proposed method is verified by simulation and experimental results.

Keywords

Distributed Generation (DG);Energy Storage System (ESS);Microgrid;Islanding

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