Clinical Feasibility of Otago Exercise Program to Improve the Balance and Gait Ability: In Chronic Stroke Patient, Randomized Controlled Trial

균형과 보행능력 향상을 위한 오타고 운동프로그램의 임상적 유용성: 만성 뇌졸중 환자를 대상으로, 무작위 배정 실험연구

Song, Hyun-Seung;Yun, Tae-Won

  • Received : 2016.03.11
  • Accepted : 2016.04.21
  • Published : 2016.05.31


PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to conduct an Otago exercise program with stroke patients in a clinical setting and ascertain its effects on balance and walking ability. METHODS: The participating subjects were 45 people who had been diagnosed with stroke. They were assigned to two groups (Otago exercise; OE, n=22; balance exercise; BE, n=23), and the exercises were conducted for three sessions per week for eight weeks. The main balance outcomes were evaluated using the timed up and go test (TUG) and the four step square test (FSST), while walking ability was evaluated using the 10 m walk test (10MWT), direction change ability was measured using the figure 8 of walk test (F8WT), and the decrease of fear was evaluated using the modified falls efficacy scale (MFES). RESULTS: In the analysis results, the Otago exercise group showed significant increases in TUG, FSST, 10MWT, and F8WT within the both groups. There were significant differences in all variables between the OE group and the BE group at the post-intervention evaluation, but there was no significant difference between the groups with respect to the 10MWT. This study showed that conducting Otago exercise in stroke patients increased the main outcomes for TUG, FSST, F8WT scores, but not for 10MWT. CONCLUSION: The results of this study demonstrated that Otago exercise would be useful to improve balance and gait for stroke patients who want to improve their abilities and activities of daily living.


Balance;Gait;Otago exercise;Stroke


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