Elementary School Teachers' Use of Science Teacher's Guide for Lesson Preparation: Focused on Grade 3-4 Science Curriculum Revised in 2009

수업 준비를 위한 초등 과학 교사용 지도서 활용 실태 - 2009 개정 과학과 3-4학년을 중심으로 -

  • Received : 2016.03.23
  • Accepted : 2016.05.29
  • Published : 2016.05.31


This study aims to investigate how elementary teachers use teachers' guide in preparation for science lessons. First, different uses of teacher's guide were analyzed. Second, how and why teachers use each section in teacher's guide were analyzed. For the study, 24 elementary school teachers were interviewed in depth. The semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted individually and/or in small group, and additional interviews were held when necessary. The results showed that most of the teachers used teacher's guide only substitutionally, and some teachers rarely use teacher's guide, while only 3 out of 24 teachers used teacher's guide in detail. The reasons that teachers used the teacher's guide substitutionally or rarely were that most science lessons include experiments, and science textbook itself provides enough information for preparation of science lessons for 3rd and 4th grade students. The results also revealed that only few teachers read the general guideline in teacher's guide. Some sections of teacher's guide were not used. The sections that many teachers used were the aims of lesson, the learning system of the unit, background knowledge, flow of lesson, learning contents and activities. This study specifically examined the actual use of teacher's guide for lesson preparation and discussed implications for the development of more helpful teacher's guide.


teacher's guide;elementary science;teachers' use;lesson preparation


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