Risk Analysis of Container Ship Accidents and Risk Mitigation Measures

Kim, Dong-Jin;Kwak, Su-Yong

  • Received : 2016.01.27
  • Accepted : 2016.05.27
  • Published : 2016.05.31


The study performs a risk analysis on container ship accidents using accident data collected over the six years from 2006 to 2011, presents the resulting risk level, and suggests three risk mitigation measures to reduce the overall risk, for the safer operation of container ships. More specifically, starting from the initial accident of collision, we developed 13 different accident scenarios using event tree analysis based on which the overall risk level was obtained and presented as a FN curve. Since diverse human factors are the main cause of most of the ship accidents, our study focuses on the effect of reducing human causes on the resulting risk level. For the research we considered the injuries for the calculation of fatality with the help of MAIS. The results show that collision was the main type of accident, accounting for 62 % of all accidents, and the measures employed were proven to be effective in the sense that the risk level was much lowered and the average number of fatalities was also reduced. With more data accumulated, more precise risk level will be calculated with which the practical risk mitigating measures will be also developed. For future study, economic loss and environmental damage as consequences need to be considered.


Risk analysis;Ship accidents;Risk mitigation measures;Event tree analysis;FN curve;MAIS


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Grant : BK21플러스

Supported by : 부산대학교