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유자 첨가 양파발효음료의 제조 및 생리활성

정은정;차용준
Jeong, Eun-Jeong;Cha, Yong-Jun

  • 투고 : 2016.01.09
  • 심사 : 2016.04.11
  • 발행 : 2016.05.30

초록

양파식초는 양파특유의 냄새로 인한 관능적인 저하를 가지므로 양파의 불쾌치를 차폐할 수 있는 감미조향제의 선택이 요구된다. 이에 본 연구는 중심합성계획에 따른 반응표면분석을 통하여 감미조향제(유자착즙액, 사과농축액 및 황설탕)의 첨가량을 결정하였다. 즉 독립변수를 달리한 각 실험조건을 다섯 단계로 부호화 하고 실험설계 18조건(8개 요인실험점, 6개의 축점, 4개의 중심점)에 따라 기호도검사(9점 평점법)를 실시하여 중심합성법의 종속 변수로 선정하여 유자 첨가 양파발효음료(양파식초 : 용수 : 황설탕 : 사과농축액 : 유자착즙액 = 6.0 : 77.6 : 4.9 : 9.2 : 2.3(w/w비율))를 제조하였다. 최적 배합조건에서 제조된 유자 양파발효음료의 phenolic compound, total flavonoid, quercetin 및 생리활성(항균성, 항항산화성, 항혈전용해능) 분석결과 총 phenol함량은 14.8 mg/100 g, total flavonoids의 함량 2.6 mg/100 g, quercetin 함량은 1.4 mg/100 g으로 측정되었다. 유자 첨가 양파발효음료는 Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhimurium, Escherichia coli 및 Enterobacter aerogenes 4종의 균에서 항균성을 가졌고 DPPH 라디칼 소거능에서는 18.2%, SOD 유사활성에서는 11.5%의 활성을 나타내었다. 따라서 본 연구로 개발된 유자 양파발효음료는 원료인 양파로부터 기인되는 영양성분 및 발효과정에서 생성되는 각종 유기산으로부터 복합적인 생리활성이 기대되는 제품으로 사료된다.

키워드

Biological activities;onion vinegar;phenolic compound;total flavonoid;quercetin

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피인용 문헌

  1. Physicochemical Properties of Commercial Citrus Fruit Vinegar Products vol.33, pp.4, 2017, https://doi.org/10.5352/JLS.2016.26.5.563