Influencing Factors on Externalized and Internalized Problem Behaviors among Adolescents: Focused on First Grade High School Students

청소년의 외재화 및 내재화 문제행동에 영향을 미치는 요인: 고등학교 1학년 학생을 중심으로

  • 윤미경 (경기도 정신건강증진센터) ;
  • 박은영 (상지대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 손정아 (아주대학교 간호대학) ;
  • 현명선 (아주대학교 간호대학, 간호과학연구소)
  • Received : 2015.11.20
  • Accepted : 2016.03.14
  • Published : 2016.05.31


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influencing factors on externalized and internalized problem behaviors among high school students. Methods: The subjects for this study were 707 students in two high schools in K province. The data were collected during the period from October to November, 2014 by use of questionnaires. The instruments used were the Korean Youth Self-report, Daily Hassles Questionnaire, State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory, and Ego Resiliency Scale. The data were analyzed using SPSS. Results: Significant predictors to explain externalized problem behaviors comprised anger-out, anger-in, anger-control, relation with parents, daily stress, and religion. It was found that these factors explained 46% of externalized problem behavior. Ego resiliency, anger-in, daily stress, gender, relation with parent, and anger-out were significant predictors to explain internalized problem behaviors. It was found that these factors explained 45% of internalized problem behaviors. Conclusion: This study suggests that the influencing factors on problem behaviors differ from externalized and internalized problem behaviors. So these findings will provide the basic data to develop a program that is differentiated by problem behavior type.


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