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Appearance of osteoporosis in rat experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis

  • Ahn, Meejung ;
  • Kang, Sohi ;
  • Park, Channam ;
  • Kim, Jeongtae ;
  • Jung, Kyungsook ;
  • Yang, Miyoung ;
  • Kim, Sung-Ho ;
  • Moon, Changjong ;
  • Shin, Taekyun
  • Received : 2016.03.24
  • Accepted : 2016.05.26
  • Published : 2016.06.30

Abstract

Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in Lewis rats is characterized by transient paralysis followed by recovery. To evaluate whether transient paralysis in EAE affects bone density, tibiae of EAE rats were morphologically investigated using micro-computed tomography and histology. The parameters of bone health were significantly reduced at the peak stage of EAE rats relative to those of controls (p < 0.05). The reduction of bone density was found to remain unchanged, even in the recovery stage. Collectively, the present data suggest that osteoporosis occurs in paralytic rats with monophasic EAE, possibly through the disuse of hindlimbs and/or autoimmune inflammation.

Keywords

autoimmunity;experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis;micro-computed tomography;osteoporosis

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF)