Global status of GM crop development and commercialization

글로벌 GM작물 연구개발 및 상업화 동향

Cho, Jung-Il;Lee, Gang-Seob;Park, Soo-Chul

  • Received : 2016.06.24
  • Accepted : 2016.06.24
  • Published : 2016.06.30


Global GM crops continue to grow. They have reached 181 million hectares. A total of 28 countries have approved biotech crops for planting. More than 60 countries have approved biotech crops to be imported as food and feed since 1996, meaning that biotech crops are now commonly accepted in those countries. Although biotech crops provide key solutions for the challenge of global food security in the future due to population growth and climate change, there are still some debates on whether biotech crops should be accepted in many countries including Korea. Therefore, it is very important to make people understand that GM crops will provide benefits to both farmers and consumers. In this review, current global status of GM crop development and commercialization are summarized.


GM crop;development;commercialization;global status


  1. AIST (National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology). 2014. AIST Stories 2014 No.2, 14-15
  2. Clive J. 2014. Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops: 2014. ISAAA Brief No. 49. International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications, Ithaca, NY.
  3. Clive J. 2015. 20th Anniversary (1996 to 2015) of the Global Commericialization for Biotech Crops and Biotech Crop Highlights in 2015. ISAAA Briefs No. 51. International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications, Ithaca, NY.
  4. Entine J. 2014. McDonald's mulling embrace of Simplot's bruise-reducing Innate GMO potato. Genetic Literacy Project
  5. KAST (The Korean Academy of Science and Technology). 2015. Policy strategy for applying biotechnology to the agricultural innovation of Korea. KAST Research Report 101
  6. KBCH (Korea Biosafety Clearing House). 2014. Biosafety Vol. 15
  7. KBCH (Korea Biosafety Clearing House). 2015. Biosafety white paper 2015
  8. Park SC, Kim HY, Lee CH. 2015. Understanding of GMO (Genetically Modified Crops). Korea Food Security Reseach Foundation
  9. Park SC. 2013. Special features II. GMO development and commercialization. The Science and Technology 66-72
  10. Ricroch AE, Henard-Damave MC. 2016. Next biotech plants: new traits, crops, developers and technologies for addressing global challenges. Crit Rev Biotechnol 36(4):675-90


Supported by : 농촌진흥청