- Volume 18 Issue 1
This paper presents an experimental study on constructing a tunable secondary suspension for high-speed trains using magneto-rheological fluid dampers (referred to as MR dampers hereafter), in the interest of improving lateral ride comfort. Two types of MR dampers (type-A and type-B) with different control ranges are designed and fabricated. The developed dampers are incorporated into a secondary suspension of a full-scale high-speed train carriage for rolling-vibration tests. The integrated rail vehicle runs at a series of speeds from 40 to 380 km/h and with different current inputs to the MR dampers. The dynamic performance of the two suspension systems and the ride comfort rating of the rail vehicle are evaluated using the accelerations measured during the tests. In this way, the effectiveness of the developed MR dampers for attenuating vibration is assessed. The type-A MR dampers function like a stiffness component, rather than an energy dissipative device, during the tests with different running speeds. While, the type-B MR dampers exhibit significant damping and high current input to the dampers may adversely affect the ride comfort. As part of an ongoing investigation on devising an effective MR secondary suspension for lateral vibration suppression, this preliminary study provides an insight into dynamic behavior of high-speed train secondary suspensions and unique full-scale experimental data for optimal design of MR dampers suitable for high-speed rail applications.
high-speed train;lateral ride comfort;MR damper, secondary suspension;full-scale experiment
- Bruni, S., Goodall, R., Mei, T.X. and Tsunashima, H. (2007), "Control and monitoring for railway vehicle dynamics", Vehicle Syst. Dyn., 45(7-8), 743-779. https://doi.org/10.1080/00423110701426690
- Carlson, J.D., Catanzarite, D.M. and St. Clair, K.A. (1996), "Commercial magneto-rheological fluid devices", Int. J. Modern Phys. B, 10(23-24), 2857-2865. https://doi.org/10.1142/S0217979296001306
- Cheli, F. and Corradi, R. (2011), "On rail vehicle vibrations induced by track unevenness analysis of the excitation mechanism", J. Sound Vib., 330(15), 3744-3765. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsv.2011.02.025
- Chen, Z.H., Ni, Y.Q. and Or, S.W. (2015), "Characterization and modeling of a self-sensing MR damper under harmonic loading", Smart Struct. Syst., 15(4), 1103-1120. https://doi.org/10.12989/sss.2015.15.4.1103
- El Wahed, A.K. and Balkhoyor, L.B. (2015), "Magnetorheological fluids subjected to tension, compression, and oscillatory squeeze input", Smart Struct. Syst., 16(5), 961-980. https://doi.org/10.12989/sss.2015.16.5.961
- Fujimoto, H. and Miyamoto, M. (1996), "Lateral vibration and its decreasing measure of a Shinkansen train (decrease of train vibration with yaw damper between cars)", Vehicle Syst. Dyn., 25(1), 188-199. https://doi.org/10.1080/00423119608969195
- Goodall, R.M. (2011), "Control for railways active suspensions and other opportunities", Proceedings of the 19th Mediterranean Conference on Control and Automation, Corfu, Greece.
- Hudha, K., Hafiz Harun, M., Hanif Harun, M. and Jamaluddin, H. (2011), "Lateral suspension control of railway vehicle using semi-active magnetorheological damper", Proceedings of the IEEE Intelligent Vehicle Symposium (IV), Baden-Baden Germany.
- Iwnicki, S. (ed.) (2006), Handbook of Railway Vehicle Dynamics, Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton, FL, USA.
- Jiang, J.Z., Matomoros-Sanchez, A.Z., Goodall, R.M. and Smith, M.C. (2012), "Passive suspensions incorporating inerters for railway vehicles", Vehicle Syst. Dyn., 50(1), 263-276. https://doi.org/10.1080/00423114.2012.665166
- Liao, W.H. and Wang, D.H. (2003), "Semiactive vibration control of train suspension systems via magnetorheological dampers", J. Intell. Mat. Syst. Str., 14(3), 161-172. https://doi.org/10.1177/1045389X03014003004
- Mantaras, D.A. and Luque, P. (2006), "Ride comfort performance of different active suspension systems", Int. J. Vehicle Des., 40(1-3), 106-125. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJVD.2006.008456
- Mei, T.X. and Goodall, R.M. (2003), "Recent development in active steering of railway vehicles", Vehicle Syst. Dyn., 39(6), 415-436. https://doi.org/10.1076/vesd.39.6.415.14594
- Mei, T.X. and Goodall, R.M. (2006), "Stability control of railway bogies using absolute stiffness: sky-hook spring approach", Vehicle Syst. Dyn., 44(l), 83-92.
- Or, S.W., Duan, Y.F., Ni, Y.Q., Chen, Z.H. and Lam, K.H. (2008), "Development of magnetorheological dampers with embedded piezoelectric force sensors for structural vibration control", J. Intell. Mat. Syst. Str., 19(11), 1327-1338. https://doi.org/10.1177/1045389X07085673
- Oueslati, F., Rakheja, S. and Sankar, S. (1995), "Study of an active suspension for improved ride quality and reduced dynamic wheel loads", Road Transport Technol., 4, 441-452.
- Shieh, N.C., Lin, C.L., Lin, Y.C. and Liang, K.Z. (2005), "Optimal design for passive suspension of a light rail vehicle using constrained multiobjective evolutionary search", J. Sound Vib., 285(1-2), 407-424. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsv.2004.08.014
- Spencer Jr., B.F., Dyke, S.J., Sain, M.K. and Carlson, J.D. (1997), "Phenomenological model of magnetorheological damper", J. Eng. Mech. - ASCE, 123(3), 230-238.
- Stribersky, A., Kienberger, A., Wagner, G. and Muller, H. (1998), "Design and evaluation of a semi-active damping system for rail vehicles", Vehicle Syst. Dyn., 29(1), 669-681. https://doi.org/10.1080/00423119808969594
- Wang, D.H. and Liao, W.H. (2009a), "Semi-active suspension systems for railway vehicles using magnetorheological dampers. Part I: system integration and modeling", Vehicle Syst. Dyn., 47(11), 1305-1325. https://doi.org/10.1080/00423110802538328
- Wang, D.H. and Liao, W.H. (2009b), "Semi-active suspension systems for railway vehicles using magnetorheological dampers. Part II: simulation and analysis", Vehicle Syst. Dyn., 47(12), 1439-1471. https://doi.org/10.1080/00423110802538336
- Yang, J., Li, J. and Du, Y. (2006), "Adaptive fuzzy control of lateral semi-active suspension for high-speed railway vehicle", Proceedings of the International Conference on Intelligent Computing, Kunming, China.
- Yang, Z., Zhang, B., Zhang, J. and Wang, C. (2011), "Research on semi-active control of high-speed railway vehicle based on neural network-PID control", Proceeding of the 7th International Conference on Natural Computation, Shanghai, China.
- Yazid, I.I.M., Mazlan, S.A., Kikuchi, T., Zamzuri, H. and Imaduddin, F. (2014), "Magnetic circuit optimization in designing Magnetorheological damper", Smart Struct. Syst., 14(5), 869-881. https://doi.org/10.12989/sss.2014.14.5.869
- Zhao, N. and Cao, D.Q. (2012), "Semi-active control and its robustness for a bogie model with uncertain parameters", Proceeding of the 1st International Workshop on High-Speed and Intercity Railways, Hong Kong.
연구 과제 주관 기관 : National Science Foundation of China