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한국 성인에서 식이섭취와 우울증 유병의 관련성: 2010년 국민건강영양조사 자료를 이용하여

Relationship between diet and prevalence of depression among Korean adults: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010

  • 투고 : 2016.04.21
  • 심사 : 2016.06.24
  • 발행 : 2016.06.30

초록

우울증 유병의 원인에 대한 연구는 많으나 식이섭취에 대한 연구는 적은 편이다. 이에 본 연구에서는 식이섭취와 우울증 유병의 관련성에 대해 알아보았다. 본 연구는 2010년 국민건강영양조사 자료를 이용하였으며 20-65세 사이의 의사 진료를 통해 우울증 유무가 확인된 734명을 대상으로 분석하였다. 남녀군으로 구분하여 탄수화물섭취량, 섬유소섭취량, 칼슘섭취량, 철섭취량, 나트륨섭취량, 칼륨섭취량, 비타민A섭취량, 티아민(thiamine)섭취량, 리보플라빈(riboflavin)섭취량, 니아신(niacin)섭취량, 비타민C섭취량에 따른 식이섭취와 우울증 유병의 관련성을 분석하였다. 연구결과 남성군에서 식이섭취와 우울증 유병의 관련성은 없었다. 여성군에서 섬유소섭취가 증가할수록 우울증 유병이 유의하게 감소하였으나(odds ratio=0.923, 95% confidence interval=0.850-0.986), 그 외 식이섭취와 우울증 유병의 관련성은 없었다. 결론적으로 20-65세의 여성군에서 섬유소섭취와 우울증 유병은 유의한 음의 상관관계가 있으며, 식이섬유를 포함한 환자의 식이요법은 우울증 유병을 감소 시킬 수 있을 것으로 생각된다.

키워드

Depression;Diet;Dietary Fiber

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피인용 문헌

  1. The Effect of Vitamin D and Calcium on Cognitive Function and Depression in the Elderly Living in a City vol.28, pp.3, 2017, https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2017.28.3.251
  2. Association between nutrient intakes and prevalence of depressive disorder in Korean adults: 2014 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey vol.51, pp.5, 2018, https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2018.51.5.414