Uncertain Centralized/Decentralized Production-Distribution Planning Problem in Multi-Product Supply Chains: Fuzzy Mathematical Optimization Approaches

  • Khalili-Damghani, Kaveh (Department of Industrial Engineering, South-Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University) ;
  • Ghasemi, Peiman (Department of Industrial Engineering, South-Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University)
  • Received : 2015.09.23
  • Accepted : 2016.05.09
  • Published : 2016.06.30


Complex and uncertain issues in supply chain result in integrated decision making processes in supply chains. So decentralized (distributed) decision making (DDM) approach is considered as a crucial stage in supply chain planning. In this paper, an uncertain DDM through coordination mechanism is addressed for a multi-product supply chain planning problem. The main concern of this study is comparison of DDM approach with centralized decision making (CDM) approach while some parameters of decision making are assumed to be uncertain. The uncertain DDM problem is modeled through fuzzy mathematical programming in which products' demands are assumed to be uncertain and modeled using fuzzy sets. Moreover, a CDM approach is customized and developed in presence of fuzzy parameters. Both approaches are solved using three fuzzy mathematical optimization methods. Hence, the contribution of this paper can be summarized as follows: 1) proposing a DDM approach for a multi-product supply chain planning problem; 2) Introducing a coordination mechanism in the proposed DDM approach in order to utilize the benefits of a CDM approach while using DDM approach; 3) Modeling the aforementioned problem through fuzzy mathematical programming; 4) Comparing the performance of proposed DDM and a customized uncertain CDM approach on multi-product supply chain planning; 5) Applying three fuzzy mathematical optimization methods in order to address and compare the performance of both DDM and CDM approaches. The results of these fuzzy optimization methods are compared. Computational results illustrate that the proposed DDM approach closely approximates the optimal solutions generated by the CDM approach while the manufacturer's and retailers' decisions are optimized through a coordination mechanism making lasting relationship.


Supply Chain Management;Distributed Decision Making (DDM);Coordination Mechanism in Supply Chain;Fuzzy Mathematical Programming;Fuzzy Optimization


Supported by : Islamic Azad University


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