DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

A study on the features of English as a lingua franca in Asian contexts: Rhythmic features

아시아 상황의 영어 공통어 자질 연구: 리듬 특성

Chung, Hyunsong;Lee, Sang-Ki;Kim, Yoon-Kyu
정현성;이상기;김윤규

  • Received : 2016.04.26
  • Accepted : 2016.06.15
  • Published : 2016.06.30

Abstract

This paper investigated the rhythmic features of speakers of English as a lingua franca in Asian contexts. A speech corpus of 150 conversations between speakers of English in Asia with different L1 backgrounds was collected and %V, ${\Delta}V$, VarcoV, and nPVI-V of each speaker were analyzed. It was found that L1 difference of the speakers and the speakers' daily use of English influenced %V, while the speakers' daily use of English influenced ${\Delta}V$. The gender difference of the speakers also affected the rhythm of the utterances in VarcoV. A weak correlation between the two speakers' rhythm in each conversation was also found in %V and ${\Delta}V$. No significant effects were found in nPVI-V. The results revealed that the speakers tended to accommodate the rhythm of their utterance to that of the interlocutors'. Further study on the speaking rate of the speakers is required to overcome some inconsistencies found in the results of the rhythmic metrics used in this study.

Keywords

rhythm;ELF;English as a lingua franca;%V;${\Delta}V$;VarcoV;nPVI-V

References

  1. Jenkins, J. (2000). The phonology of English as an international language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  2. Deterding, D. (2001). Letter to the editor: The measurement of rhythm: a comparison of Singapore and British English. Journal of Phonetics, 29, 217-230. https://doi.org/10.1006/jpho.2001.0138
  3. Kachru, Y. & Nelson, C. L. (2006). World Englishes in Asian contexts. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.
  4. Deterding, D. & Kirpatrick, A. (2006). Emerging South-East Asian Englishes and intelligibility, World Englishes, 25(3/4), 391-409. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-971X.2006.00478.x
  5. Kirkpatrick, A. (2010). English as a lingua franca in ASEAN: A multilingual model. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.
  6. Kim, J.-M., Flynn, S., & Oh, M. (2007). Non-native speech rhythm: A large-scale study of English pronunciation by Korean learners. Studies in Phonetics, Phonology and Morphology, 13(2), 245-275. https://doi.org/10.17959/sppm.2007.13.2.245
  7. Deterding, D. (2013). Misunderstandings in English as a lingua franca: An analysis of ELF interactions in South-East Asia. Boston/Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
  8. Chung, H. (2013). A study on the rhythm of Korean English learners' interlanguage talk. Phonetics and Speech Sciences, 5(3), 3-10. (정현성 (2013). 타언어 화자와의 담화 상에 나타난 영어 학습자의 리듬. 말소리와 음성과학, 5(3), 3-10.)
  9. Jenkins, J. (2007). English as a lingua franca: Attitude and identity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  10. Chung, H., Jang, T.-Y., Yun, W., Yun, I., & Sa, J. (2008). A study on automatic measurement of pronunciation accuracy of English speech produced by Korean learners of English. Language and Linguistics, 42, 165-196. (정현성.장태엽.윤원희.윤일승.사재진 (2008). 한국인 영어 학습자의 발음 정확성 자동 측정방법에 대한 연구. 언어와 언어학, 42, 165-196.)
  11. Ramus, F., Nespor, M., & Mehler, J. (1999). Correlates of linguistic rhythm in the speech signal. Cognition, 73, 265-292. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0010-0277(99)00058-X
  12. Low, E. L., Grabe, E., & Nolan, F. (2000). Quantitative characterisations of speech rhythm: 'syllable-timing' in Singapore English. Language and Speech, 43, 377-401. https://doi.org/10.1177/00238309000430040301
  13. Dellwo, V. (2006). Rhythm and speech rate: A variation coefficient for delta C. In P. Karnowski & I. Szigeti (Eds.), Language and language processing: Proceedings of the 38th linguistics colloquium (pp. 231-241). Piliscsaba 2003. Frankfurt: Peter Lang.
  14. White, L. & Mattys, S. L. (2007). Calibrating rhythm: first language and second language studies. Journal of Phonetics, 35, 501-522. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wocn.2007.02.003
  15. Jang, T.-Y. (2008). Speech rhythm metrics for automatic scoring of English speech by Korean EFL Learners. Malsori, 66, 41-59.
  16. Kim, S. & Jang, T.-Y. (2009). Rhythmic differences between spontaneous and read speech of English. Phonetics and Speech Sciences, 1(3), 49-55.
  17. Van Engen, K. J., Baese-Berk, M., Baker, R. E., Choi, A., Kim, M., & Bradlow, A. R. (2010). The wildcat corpus of native-and foreign-accented English: Communicative efficiency across conversational dyads with varying language alignment profiles. Language & Speech, 53(4), 510-540. https://doi.org/10.1177/0023830910372495
  18. Baker, R. & Hazan, V. (2011). DiapixUK: Task materials for the elicitation of multiple spontaneous speech dialogs. Behavior Research Methods, 43(3), 761-770. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13428-011-0075-y
  19. Rosenfelder, I., Fruehwald, J., Evanini, K., & Jiahong, Y. (2011). FAVE(Forced Alignment and Vowel Extraction) Program Suite. Retrieved from http://fave.ling.upenn.edu/ [Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Linguistics Lab (Distributor)] on April 20, 2016.
  20. Grabe, E. & Low, E. L. (2002). Durational variability in speech and the rhythm class hypothesis. Laboratory Phonology, 7, 515-546.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단