- Volume 15 Issue 1
Building resilient community is often a complicated process to be gained by interorganizational collaboration. Since patterns of interorganizational relations among governments and sectors are constantly changing due to internal and external factors in the field of emergency management, understanding the dynamic nature of interorganizational collaboration is a critical step for improving a community’s ability to bounce back from a catastrophic event. From two theoretical perspectives, this research aims to examine the essential role of working across levels of governments and sectors in building resilient community by focusing on sources of community resiliency and a strong commitment. The empirical evidence highlights the importance of studying resilience as a way to understand the motivation and incentive for organizations to work jointly during emergency response. The study of organizational resilience also draws attention for the importance of various forms of interorganizational collaboration such as formal and informal relations. It also highlights how local organizations can utilize their relations to seek resources without necessarily jeopardizing their ability to perform their core organizational functions.
Disaster resilience;emergency management;interorganizational network
- Ainuddin, S., and Routray, J. K. 2012. Earthquake hazards and community resilience in Baluchistan.” Natural Hazards Volume 63, Issue 2: 909-937. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-012-0201-x
- Aldrich, Daniel P. (2012). Building Resilience: Social Capital in Post-Disaster Recovery. Chicago IL: University of Chicago Press.
- Allenby, B., & Fink, J. (2005). Toward inherently secure and resilient societies. Science, 309, 1034–1036. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1111534
- Anderies, J., Janssen, M., and Ostrom, E. (2004). A framework to analyze the robustness of social-ecological systems from an institutional perspective. Ecology and Society, 9(1):18. https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-00610-090118
- Brown, D., and Kulig, J. 1996. The concept of resiliency: Theoretical lessons from community research. Health and Canadian Society 4: 29-52.
- Berke, P. R. and Campanella, T. J. 2006. Planning for posterdisaster resiliency. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 604(1): 192-207. https://doi.org/10.1177/0002716205285533
- Berkes, F., Colding, J., and Folke, C. (2003). Navigating social-ecological systems: building resilience for complexity and change. Cambridge Univ Pr.
- Bonanno, G. (2004). Loss, trauma, and human resilience: Have we underestimated the human capacity to thrive after extremely aversive events? American Psychologist, 59, 20–28. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.59.1.20
- Carpenter, S. 2003. Regime shifts in lask ecosystems: patterns and variation. Volume 15. Excellence in Ecology Serise. Ecology Institute, Oldendorf/Luhe: Germany.
- Carpenter, S. R. 2003. Regime shifts in lake ecosystems. Ecology Institute, Oldendorf/Luhe, Germany.
- Carpenter, S., Brock, W., and Hanson, 1999. Ecological and social dynamics in simple models of ecosystem management. Conservation Ecology 3(2): 4-10.
- Chandra, S., Acosta, J., Stern, S., Uscher-Pines, L., Williams, M. V., and Yeung, D., et al. 2011. Building community resilience to disasters. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, Accessed December 20, 2011. http://www.rand.org/pubs/technical_reports/TR915.html.
- Comfort, L. K. 1999. Shared risk: Complex systems in seismic response. New York: Pergamon.
- Comfort, L. K. 2007. “Crisis Management in Hindsight: Cognition, Communication, Coordination, and Control.” Public Administration Review Volume 67, Issue Supplement s1: 189–197, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6210.2007.00827.x
- Douglas Paton, Marian Millar, and David Johnston. 2001. “Community Resilience to Volcanic Hazard Consequences.” Natural Hazards Volume 24, Issue 2: 157-169. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1011882106373
- Comfort, L., Boin, R., & Demchak, C. 2010. Designing Resilience for Extreme Events: Socio-Technical Approaches. Pittsburgh University Press, Pittsburgh, PA.
- Crichton, M.T., Ramsay, C.G. and Kelly, T. (2009), “Enhancing organizational resilience through emergency planning: learnings from cross-sectoral lessons”, Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, Vol. 17 No. 1, p. 14
- Cutter, S., Emrich, C., Mitchell, J., Boruff, B., Gall, M., Schmidtlein, M., et al. (2006). The long road home: Race, class, and recovery from Hurricane Katrina. Environment, 48, 10–20.
- Flynn, B. (1994). Mental health services in large scale disasters: An overview of the Crisis Counseling Program. NCPTSD Clinical Quarterly, 4, 11–12.
- Folke, C., Carpenter, S., Brian Walker, Marten Scheffer, Thomas Elmqvist, Lance Gunderson and C. S. Holling. 2004. “Regime Shifts, Resilience, and Biodiversity in Ecosystem Management.” Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics Vol. 35: 557-581. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.35.021103.105711
- Fritz, C., & Williams, H. (1957). The human being in disasters: A research perspective. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 309, 42–51. https://doi.org/10.1177/000271625730900107
- Goodman, R., Speers, M., McLeroy, K., Fawcett, S., Kegler, M., Parker, E., et al. (1998). Identifying and defining the dimensions of community capacity to provide a basis for measurement. Health Education & Behavior, 25, 258–278. https://doi.org/10.1177/109019819802500303
- Handmer, J. and Dovers, S. (1996). A typology of resilience:Rethinking institutions for sustainable development. Industrial and Environmental Crisis Quarterly, 9, 482–511. https://doi.org/10.1177/108602669600900403
- Manyena, Siambabala Bernard. 2014. Disaster resilience: A question of ‘multiple faces’ and ‘multiple spaces’? International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction Volume 8, June 2014, Pages 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2013.12.010
- Janssen, M., Anderies, J., and Ostrom, E. (2007). Robustness of social-ecological systems to spatial and temporal variability. Society & Natural Resources, 20(4):307–322. https://doi.org/10.1080/08941920601161320
- Jonas Joerina*, Rajib Shawa, Yukiko Takeuchia & Ramasamy Krishnamurthyb 2012. Action-oriented resilience assessment of communities in Chennai, India.” Environmental Hazards Volume 11, Issue 3, 2012 pages 226-241 https://doi.org/10.1080/17477891.2012.689248
- Longstaff, P. (2005). Security, resilience, and communication in unpredictable environments such as terrorism, natural disasters, and complex technology. Syracuse, New York: Author.
- Martin-Breen, P., and Anderies, J. M. 2011. Resilience: a literature review. The Rockefeller Foundation: New York.
- Maton, K., & Salem, D. (1995). Organizational characteristics of empowering community settings: A multiple case study approach. American Journal of Community Psychology, 23, 631–656. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02506985
- Meijer, M. de Boois, I., Scheffer, M., Portielje, R., and Hosper, H. 1999. Biomanipulation in shallow lakes in the netherlands: an evloution of 18 case studies. Hydrobiolgia 408: 13-30.
- Nelson, M., Kintigh, K., Abbott, D., and Anderies, J. (2010). The cross-scale interplay between social and biophysical context and the vulnerability of irrigation-dependent societies: Archaeology’s long-term perspective. Ecology and Society, 15(3):31.
- North, D. (2009). Institutions, institutional change and economic performance. Cambridge university press.
- Ostrom, E. (1990). Governing the commons. New York: Cambridge.
- Rivera, F. I. and Settembrino, M. R. 2010. Toward a sociological framework of community resilience. Grant Research Reprot supported by the U.S. Department of Agriculture under Award No. 2010-67023-21698.
- Pendall, R. J., Foster, K. A., & Cowell, M. M. (2010). Resilience and regions: Building understanding of the metaphor. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 3, 71–84. https://doi.org/10.1093/cjres/rsp028
- Pfefferbaum, B., Reissman, D., Pfefferbaum, R., Klomp, R., and Gurwitch, R. (2005). Building resilience to mass trauma events. In L. Doll, S. Bonzo, J. Mercy, & D. Sleet (Eds.), Handbook on injury and violence prevention interventions. New York: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
- Rivera, F. and Settembrino, M. 2012. Sociological insights on the roel of social capital in disaster resilience. In Disaster Resiliency: Interdisciplinary Perspectives edited by Naim Kapucu, Christopher V. Hawkins, and Fernando I. Rivera. Routledge: New York.
- Scheffer, M. 2004. Ecology of Shallow Lakes. Springer: Washington D.C.
- Scheffer, M. and Nes, E. 2007. Shallow laskes theory revisited: various alternative regimes driven by climate, nutrients, depth and lake size. Sallow Lakes in a Changing World, page 455-466.
- Scheffer, M., Hosper, S., Meijer, M., Moss, B., and Jeppesen, E. 1993. Alternative equilibria in shallow laskes. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 8(8): 275-279. https://doi.org/10.1016/0169-5347(93)90254-M
- Schoch-Spana, M. 2008. Communtiy resilience for catastrophic health events. Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: Biodefense Strategy, Practice, and Science, 6(2): 129-130. https://doi.org/10.1089/bsp.2008.0520
- Somers, S. (2009). “Measuring resilience potential: An adaptive strategy for organisational crisis planning.” J. Conting. Crisis Manage., 17(1), 12–23. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5973.2009.00558.x
- Waller, M. (2001). Resilience in ecosystemic context: Evolution of the concept. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 71, 290–297. https://doi.org/10.1037/0002-94126.96.36.1990
- Tierney, K. J. 1989. Improving theory and research on hazard mitigation: Political economy and organizational perspectives. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, 7, 367-396.
- Tierney, K. J. 2012. “Disaster Governance: Social, Political, and Economic Dimensions.” Annual Review of Environment and Resources Vol. 37: 341-363. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-environ-020911-095618 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-environ-020911-095618
- Tobin, G., & Whiteford, L. (2002). Community resilience and volcano hazard: The eruption of Tungurahua and evacuation of the Faldas in Ecuador. Disasters, 26, 28–48 https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-7717.00189
- Williamson, O. (1998). The Economic Intstitutions of Capitalism. Free Press.
- 1. Open data in Nepal: a webometric network analysis vol.51, pp.3, 2017, doi:10.17477/jcea.2016.15.1.098