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Involvement of leaf characteristics and wettability in retaining air particulate matter from tropical plant species

Barima, Yao Sadaiou Sabas;Angaman, Djedoux Maxime;N'gouran, Kobenan Pierre;Koffi, N'guessan Achille;Tra Bi, Fidele Zamble;Samson, Roeland

  • Received : 2015.10.21
  • Accepted : 2016.02.02
  • Published : 2016.06.30

Abstract

In most African urban areas, Particulate Matters (PM) concentration exceeds by far the WHO limits. In these areas, plants can play a key role in removing particles. In this study, we evaluated three ornamental species (Jatropha interrigima, Ficus benjamina, Barleria prionitis) used in Abidjan (Ivory Coast). Leaf-encapsulated saturation isothermal remnant magnetisation (SIRM) were measured and the relationship between PM captured and leaf wettability were done. The sampling were performed at roadsides and Parks. Firstly, Leaf-encapsulated and total leaf SIRM were quantified and the wettability was determined by drop contact angles (DCA). Secondly, the relationship between leaf SIRM and wettability was found. Results showed that leaf SIRM was two to ten times higher at roadsides than in Parks. Total leaf SIRM was also higher on mature leaves in Main roads suggesting a particle accumulation in leaves over time especially in waxy species (Ficus benjamina). This species encapsulated other than 20% of total leaf SIRM. All tested species were highly-wettable ($40^{\circ}$ < DCA < $90^{\circ}$). Thus, Jatropha interrigima with its leaf trichomes and F. benjamina with its leaf waxes were more wettable. A significantly positive correlation was found between wettability intensity and leaf SIRM.

Keywords

Leaf trichome;Leaf wax;Leaf wettability;Particulate matter;Sirm;Tropical Urban City

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