- Volume 7 Issue 3
DOI QR Code
Educational Problems with MOOC, Suggestions, and Convergence of MOOC and Universities
MOOC(Massive Open Online Course)의 교육적 문제점과 개선책, 그리고 대학과 융합 방안
- Yang, Dan-Hee (Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Pyeongtaek University)
- 양단희 (평택대학교 컴퓨터학과)
- Received : 2016.05.02
- Accepted : 2016.05.28
- Published : 2016.06.30
This study explains the fundamental problems of MOOC (Massive Open Online Course) based on major survey results for MOOC and online courses conducted in the United States. Consequently, this study integrates the following conclusions and suggestions on how to improve MOOC and convergence of MOOC and universities under the current IT technology. First, the division into small sized classes will solve the problem of massiveness with MOOC. The problem of openness will be solved by providing differentiated courses based on placement tests; and the weakness of onlineness can be complemented through Flipped Learning methodologies. Second, in convergence of universities and MOOC, there are two desirable approache s: credit-free courses use the improved MOOC suggested in this study while credit courses are conducted by Flipped Learning, based on core online courses within departments. In addition, the credit courses offer intensive and supplementary ones together if possible. Third, MOOC will be utilized more widely as it will offer differentiated courses and be produced by education-based universities.
- L Yuan, S. Powell, MOOCs and Open Education: implications for higher education. http://publications.cetis.acuk/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/MOOCs-and-Open-Education.pdf, 2013.
- UPenn GSE., Penn GSE study shows MOOCs have relatively few active users, with only a few persisting to course end. http://goo.gl/L5lLhJ, 2013.
- J. H. Lim, “A new paradigm of education: flipped learning, opportunity or threat?,” Korean Medical Education Review, Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 132-140, 2014. https://doi.org/10.17496/kmer.2014.16.3.132
- L. Yuan, MOOCs and Open Education Timeline. http://blogs.cetis.org.uk/cetisli/2015/05/11/moocs-and-open-education-timeline-updated/, 2015.
- B. H. Gu, S. J. Heo, H. S. Lee, C. S. Kim, "An effectiveness analysis of the flipped learning utilizing MOOC," Journal of Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems, Vol. 14, No. 2, 2014.
- S. J. Daniel, Making sense of MOOCs: Musing in a maze of myth, paradox and possibility. http://sirjohn.ca/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/120925MOOCspaper2.pdf, 2012.
- S. S. Ahn. "A study on postsecondary online learning," Lifelong Learning Society, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2015.
- Y. S. Bae, W. C. Jun, "A study on analysis of current status and improvement suggestions for massive open online course," Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, Vol. 18, No. 12, 2014.
- J. M. Kim, W. K. Lee, Y. Kim, "Revitalization methods of online courses for linkage with korean MOOC", Research Report of the Ministry of Education, 2014.
- K. Jordan, “Initial trends in enrolment and completion of massive open online courses,” The International Review of research in Open and Distance Learning, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 133-160, 2014.
- D. Colman, MOOC Interrupted: top 10 reasons our readers didn't finish a massive open online course. Open Culture. http://www.openculture.com/2013/04/10_reasons_you_didnt_complete_a_mooc.html, 2013.
- C. Gutl, Rizzardini, R. H., Chang, V., & M. Morales, "Attrition in MOOC: lessons learned from drop-out students. In learning technology for education in cloud. MOOC and Big Data," pp. 37-48, Springer International Publishing, 2014.
- A. Fini, “The technological dimension of a massive open online course: The case of the CCK08 course tools,” International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, Vol. 10, No. 5, pp. 1-26, 2009.
- R. C. Barr, "Bioelectricity-AQA, one of the first MOOC courses in Engineering", Proceedings of Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, pp. 1805-1808, 2014.
- D. Lederman, S. Jaschik, Survey of faculty attitudes on technology. https://www.insidehighered.com/news/survey/survey-faculty-attitudes-technology, 2013.
- G. Straumsheim, Online Ed skepticism and self-sufficiency: survey of faculty views on technology. https://www.insidehighered.com/news/survey/online-ed-skepticism-and-self-sufficiencysurvey-faculty-views-technology, 2014.
- Jiyeun Chang, “Convergence of Education and Information & Communication Technology : A Study on the Communication Characteristics of SNS Affecting Relationship Development between Professor and Student,” Journal of the Korea Convergence Society, Vol. 6, No. 6, pp. 213-219, 2015. https://doi.org/10.15207/JKCS.2015.6.6.213
- B. H. Lee, "A literature review on the MOOC learners' characteristics," Journal of Educational Technology, Vol. 31, No. 3, pp. 365-399
- Ki-Bong Kim, Han-Jin Cho, “A Study on Smart Teaching Plan Production System Combined Education Profiling,” Journal of digital Convergence , Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 185-191, 2015.
- Hun-Hee Kim, Yun-Hee Choi, “Effects of Creativity Instruction Activities on Academic Motivation and Career Maturity of University Students : Based on NFTM-TRIZ Creativity Education Model,” Journal of digital Convergence, Vol. 13, No. 9, pp. 277-286, 2015.
- Sonicfoundry, Just flip it: From the front lines of the flipped classroom. http://www.sonicfoundry.com/resource/just-flip-it-webinar/, 2014.
- Young-Suk Park, Jeong-Hee Kim, “Daily Hassles, Self-Efficacy, and Stress Responses of Adult Learners of Distance Education in Digital Convergence Era-Based on RN-BSN Students,” Journal of digital Convergence, Vol. 13, No. 9, pp. 397-407, 2015.
- Jae-Yong Lee, “Software Development Process Improvement Training and Collaboration Capabilities Optimized to the Psychological Type of ICT Engineer,” Journal of the Korea Convergence Society, Vol. 6, No. 4, pp. 105-111, 2015. https://doi.org/10.15207/JKCS.2015.6.4.105
- Ji-Won Kim, “Efficacy Analysis of Developed Course for Promoting Character Education with Women's University Students,” Journal of digital Convergence, Vol. 13, No. 11, pp. 481-491, 2015. https://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2015.13.11.481
- S. Y. Kim, “The effects of ability grouping on students' achievement,” Asian Journal of Education, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 135-158, 2011. https://doi.org/10.15753/aje.2011.12.2.007
- F. M. Hollands, D. Tirthali, "Why do institutions offer MOOCs?," Online Learning, Vo. 18, No. 3, 2014.