- Volume 43 Issue 2
In this study, rapeseed extracts were obtained by supercritical carbon dioxide fluid extraction of defatted rapeseed to evaluate the stability and antioxidant activity of an oil-in-water (O/W) emulsion system. The oil-in-water emulsions were prepared from stripped soybean oil with different concentrations (0.3, 0.4, 0.5, and 0.6%) of rapeseed extract as an emulsifier. Their emulsion stability was compared to that of emulsions prepared with the commercial emulsifier, Tween 20 (Polysorbate 20, 0.2%). After stripping the soybean oil, the total tocopherol content was reduced from 51.4 g/100 g to 1.1 g/100 g. Emulsion stability and oxidative stability of emulsions prepared with Tween 20 and rapeseed extract as emulsifiers were evaluated. For 30 days droplet sizes of emulsions containing rapeseed extract (0.4, 0.5, and 0.6%) were not significantly different (p > 0.05). Similar results were obtained for emulsion stability (ES) and Turbiscan analysis, suggesting that the addition of rapeseed extract increased emulsion stability. The addition of rapeseed extract at more than 0.4% resulted in an emulsion stability comparable to the addition of 0.2% Tween 20. The antioxidative ability of rapeseed extract increased with the amount added in the emulsion. Moreover, the addition of 0.6% rapeseed extract resulted in the lowest emulsion peroxide values (10.3 mEq/L) among all treatments. Therefore, according to the stability of its antioxidative and physical stability properties, rapeseed extract from super critical extraction could be successfully applied to the food and cosmetic industries.
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