Study of UV Protection, Deodorization and Antimicrobial Properties of Cotton Fabrics Dyed with the Liquids Extracted from Salvia Plebia R. Br.

곰보배추 추출물로 염색한 면직물의 자외선 차단율, 소취성 및 항균성

  • Received : 2016.03.18
  • Accepted : 2016.05.20
  • Published : 2016.06.30


This study examined the stainability and functionality of cotton dyed with the extract of Salvia Plebia R. Br. as a research preceding the development of health functional materials and fashion products with a healing motif. The CIELAB measurements of the cotton fabric dyed with the extract of Salvia Plebia R. Br. showed 73.32 for $L^*$, 1.7 for $a^*$, and 37.78 for $b^*$, while the Munsell measurements exhibited 2.63Y in color, 7.18 of brightness, and 5.49 of chroma. The degree of staining resulting from color fastness to laundering, and that resulting from color fastness to perspiration (acid and alkaline), as well as the level of color fastness to crocking (wet and dry) all stayed between relatively higher levels of 4 and 5. The fabric dyed also exhibited SPF 50+, an outstanding sun blocking performance. The deodorization rate was also excellent, rising from 97% to over 99% when the time elapsed increased from 30 minutes to 120 minutes. The fabric dyed also showed a 99.6% antimicrobial activity against staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538, and a 71.4% antimicrobial activity against Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC 4352. The aforementioned findings indicate that fabrics dyed with the extract of Salvia Plebia R. Br. contain the potential to be developed for use as health-related materials and fashion products that promote healing.


Salvia Plebia R. Br.;stainability;sun protection factor (SPF);deodorization;antimicrobial activity


  1. Ai-li, J., & Changhai, W. H. (2006). Antioxidant properties of natural components from Salvia Plebeia on oxidative stability of ascidian oil. Process Biochemistry, 41(5), 1111-1116. doi:10.1016/j.procbio.2005.12.001
  2. AS/NZS 4399:1996. (2014, August 30). 'Sun protective clothing - evaluation and classification'. Retrieved March 10, 2016, from
  3. Bae, M. J., Ye, E. J., Kim, S. J., Kim, J. M., Yee, S. T., & Park, E. M. (2007). The effects of Plebeiae Herba (Salvia Plebeia R. Br.) on the anticancer (in vitro) and activation of immune cells. Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, 36(4), 377-382.
  4. Bouajaj, S., Benyamna, A., Bouamama, H., Romane, A., Falconieri, D., Piras, A., & Maronqiu, B. (2013). Antibacterial, allelopathic and antioxidant activities of essential oil of Salvia officinalis L. growing wild in the Atlas Mountains of Morocco. Natural Product Research, 27(18), 1673-1676. doi:10.1080/14786419.2012.751600.
  5. Choi, J. K. (2015). Development of therapeutical materials for inflammatory diseases: Rheumatoid arthritis, Atopic dermatitis, Allergic contact dermatitis. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Kyungpook National University, Daegu.
  6. 'Color Fastness to Light'. (2012, September 17). KOTITI Webzin. Retrieved March 10, 2016, from
  7. 'Color Fastness to Perspiration'. KOTITI Webzin. Retrieved March 10, 2016, from;jsessionid
  8. Editoral department of Jeongdam. (2006). 中藥大辭典 5 [Jungyak a large dictionary 5]. Jeongdamsa, 2359.
  9. Gu, L., & Weng, X. (2001). Antioxidant activity and components of Salvia Plebeia R. Br. - A Chinese herb. Food Chemistry, 73(3), 299-305. doi:10.1016/S0308-8146(00)00300-9
  10. Han, M. R., & Lee, J. S. (2012). Natural dyeing of fabrics with Guava(Psidium guajava L.) leaf extract II - Dyeability and functional property of cotton fabrics-. Fashion & Textile Research Journal, 14(2), 320-330. doi:10.5805/KSCI.2012.14.2.320
  11. Hosseinzadeh, H., Haddadkhodaparast, M. H., & Arash, A. R. (2003). Antinociceptive, antiinflammatory and acute toxicity effects of Salvia leriifolia Benth, seed extract in mice and rats. Phytotherapy Research, 17(4), 422-425. doi:10.1002/ptr.1154
  12. Jang, H. J. (2016). Development of design of naturally-dyed 'jeogori' for a newborn baby with Salvia plebeia R. Brown Variegation, which has efficacy in Alleviating Atopic Disease. Journal of Korean Traditional Costume, 18(4), 83-97. doi:10.16885/jktc.2015.
  13. Jin, X. F., Qian, J., & Lu, Y. H. (2011). The role of hepatoprotective effect of a flavonoid-rich extract of Salvia Plebeia R. Br. on carbon tetrachloride-induced acute hepatic injury in mice. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 5(9), 1558-1563.
  14. Jo, S. Y., Lee, U. Y., Kim, E. Y., Lee, S. J., Her, J. W., & Yoon, T. J. (2010). A study on the anti- inflammatory and anti-allergic effect of Salvia plebeia R. extracts. Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy, 41(1), 31-37.
  15. Joen, M. S. (2008). Dyeing properties, functionality, and color image of the pine needles extract dyed fabrics. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Hanyang University, Seoul.
  16. Jung, B. S. (2007, April 26). 'Salvia plebeia R. Br.'. Retrieved March 10, 2016, from
  17. Kwak, M. J., Kwon, J. S., & Lee, S. H. (2008). Natural dyeing of chitosan-crosslinked cotton fabrics(I) -Turmeric-. Journal of Textile Coloration and Finishing, 2(3), 8-17. doi:10.5764/TCF.2008.20.3.008
  18. Kang, H. S., Son, K. H., & Choi, J. S. (2003). Scavenging effect of Korean medicinal plants on the peroxynitrite and total ROS. Natural Product Sciences, 9(2), 73-79.
  19. 'KS K 0650:2011'. (2011). Korean Standard Service Network. Retrieved June 15, 2016, from
  20. 'KS K 0693:2011'. (2011). Korean Standard Service Network. Retrieved June 15, 2016, from
  21. 'KS K 0850:2015'. (2015). Korean Standard Service Network. Retrieved June 15, 2016, from
  22. 'KS K ISO 105-B02:2010'. (2010). Korean Standard Service Network. Retrieved June 15, 2016, from
  23. 'KS K ISO 105-C06:2014'. (2014). Korean Standard Service Network. Retrieved June 15, 2016, from
  24. 'KS K ISO 105-E04:2010'. (2010). Korean Standard Service Network. Retrieved June 15, 2016, from
  25. Lim, J. A., Yun, B. W., & Baek, S. H. (2007). Antioxidative activity and nitrite scavenging ability of methanol extract from Salvia Plebeia R. Br. Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, 15(3), 183-188.
  26. Lee, Y. S., & Jang, J. D. (2010). Dyeing of cotton fabrics by Glycyrrhizae Radix extract. Textile Coloration and Finishing, 22(1), 21-27. doi:10.5764/TCF.2010.22.1.021
  27. Mabry, T. J., Markham, K. R., & Thomas, M. B. (1970). The systematic identification of flavonoids. Springer-Verlag: Berlin?Heidelberg?New York.
  28. Nugroho, A., Kim, M. H., Choi, J., Baek, N. I., & Park, H. J. (2012). In vivo sedative and gastroprotective activities of Salvia plebeia extract and its composition of polyphenols. Archives of Pharmacal Research, 35(8), 1403-1411. doi:10.1007/s12272-012-0810-7
  29. Sales, F., Hedge, I. C., & Christie, F. (2010). Salvia plebeia R. BR.: Taxonomy, Phytogeography, Autogamy and Myxospermy. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 42, 99-110.
  30. Schanda, J. (2007). Colormetry: Understanding the CIE system, Hoboken. New Jersey: Wiley.
  31. Shin, T. Y., & Kim, H. M. (2002). Inhibition of immediate-type allergic reactions by the aqueous extract of Salvia plebeia. Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology, 24(2), 303-314. doi:10.1081/IPH-120003763
  32. Weng, X. C., & Wang, W. (2000). Antioxidant activity of compounds isolated from Salvia plebeia. Food Chemistry, 71(4), 489-493. doi:10.1016/S0308-8146(00)00191-6

Cited by

  1. Dyeing Properties and Functionality of Cotton Dyed with Extract from Spirodela polyrhiza and Mixture Extracts from Spirodela polyrhiza and Salvia plebeia R. Br. vol.18, pp.6, 2016,


Supported by : 한국연구재단