Factors Influencing the Quality of Life in Families of Patients with Liver Transplantation

간이식 환자가족의 삶의 질 영향요인

Kim, So Young;Lee, Yun Mi

  • Received : 2016.03.16
  • Accepted : 2016.06.22
  • Published : 2016.06.30


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing a family's quality of life (QoL) when one member has a liver transplantation. Methods: A total of 98 families were asked questions about characteristics, stress, social support and QoL. The instruments used for this study were the Stress Scale for Families of Liver Transplantation Recipients, the Personal Resources Questionnaire, the Korean version of QoL Simple Type Scale. Data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient and multiple regression. Results: The mean scores of stress was $2.58{\pm}0.75$ and of social support was $4.81{\pm}0.87$. The mean of the QoL was $3.39{\pm}0.60$. Quality of life had significant correlations with stress and social support. Using multiple regression analysis, the QoL was significantly influenced by social support, stress and monthly average household income. Conclusion: The results suggest that social support, stress and income should be considered in developing the nursing interventions to improve the QoL of families of patients with liver transplantation.


Liver transplantation;Family;Stress;Social support;Quality of life


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