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Influence of Social Support and Negative Emotional Status on Self-care Adherence in Symptomatic Patients with Heart Failure

심부전 환자의 사회적 지지와 부정적 정서상태가 자가간호 이행에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2016.04.05
  • Accepted : 2016.06.20
  • Published : 2016.06.30

Abstract

Purpose: The objective of this study was to identify factors related to self-care adherence in symptomatic patients with heart failure (HF). Methods: Using a cross-sectional design, a convenience sample 209 outpatient clinic patients were recruited at two medical centers. Between October 2011 and August 2012, data were collected using the structured questionnaire. Factors related to self-care adherence were examined using hierarchical multiple regression. Results: Mean age of participants was 67.71 years and a half of them (53.6%) were female. They showed relatively low self-care adherence with mean scores of $61.88{\pm}12.92$. Lower self-care adherence was reported in asking for low sodium items, weighing oneself, checking for ankle edema, and exercising for 30 minutes. The overall model significantly explained 23.9% of variance in self-care adherence. Among the predictors, education, New York Heart Association functional classification, and social support were statistically significant in influencing self-care adherence. The variable of negative emotional status such as anxiety and depression were not found to be significant. Conclusion: These findings demonstrate that social support could help self-care adherence among symptomatic patients with HF. Thus, programs targeting self-care adherence in this population should consider the strategies improving social support.

Keywords

Social support;Anxiety;Depression;Self care;Heart failure

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : 성인간호학회