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A study on oral health perception and oral health-related quality of life of the elderly patients in a geriatric hospital

요양병원 입원 노인환자의 구강건강인식도와 구강건강관련 삶의 질에 관한 연구

  • Received : 2016.02.02
  • Accepted : 2016.06.10
  • Published : 2016.06.30

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between oral health perception and oral health-related quality of life-14(OHIP-14) in a geriatric hospital. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 230 elderly people in a long-term care institution. The questionnaire was consisted of items on general characteristics, oral health perception and OHIP-14. Except incomplete answers, 226 data were analyzed statistically with one-way ANOVA, t-test, Pearson's correlation coefficient and post hoc Tukey test and ANOVA when significance was set at 0.05. Results: The OHIP-14 showed a negative linear relationship(p<0.01) of r=-0.272 with the oral health perception. Among the subgroups of the OHIP-14, quantitative linear relationship(p<0.01) was shown in functional limitation(r=0.822), physical pain(r=0.825), psychological discomfort(r=0.568), physical disability(r=0.895), psychological disability(r=0.652), social disability(r=0.804) and handicap(r=0.818). Conclusions: In order to improve the oral health perception and OHIP-14 in a geriatric hospital, it is necessary to develop continuously a variety of oral health education and systematic oral health promotion program.

Keywords

elderly;geriatric hospital;oral health perception;oral health-related quality of life

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