Relationship between the number of functional teeth and Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index(GOHAI) in elderly

노인의 기능 치아 수와 구강건강평가(GOHAI)와의 관련성

Cho, Min-Jeong;Jung, Eun-Kyung;Shin, Hae-Eun;Shin, Ah Ra;Jo, Hwa-Young;Choi, Youn-Hee;Song, Keun-Bae

  • Received : 2016.05.12
  • Accepted : 2016.06.22
  • Published : 2016.06.30


Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the association between remaining functional teeth and oral health-related quality of life using Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index(GOHAI) in the elderly. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 237 female elderly in Daegu from May to September, 2015. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects and Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index(GOHAI). A total of 216 female elderly data were analyzed for oral health status and their GOHAI score. Data were analyzed using SPSS 23.0 version. Logistic regression analysis showed the association of functional teeth and GOHAI score. Results: Number of functional teeth can affect oral health related quality of life in the elderly. When functional teeth is small, the odds ratio(OR) was 2.119(95% CI: 1.215-3.696). After adjusting age, residence type and education, OR was 1.900(95% CI: 1.060-3.399). Policies to preserve natural tooth should be recommended for increasing quality of life in general. Conclusions: This study showed significant association between number of functional teeth and the GOHAI score of the elderly women.


functional teeth;GOHAI;subjective masticatory level


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