The Study about Popularization of Gardening and Its Development Process in the UK - Focused on the Royal Horticultural Society in the 19th Century -

영국 정원문화의 대중화 전개 양상에 대한 연구 - 19세기 왕립원예협회(RHS)의 활동을 중심으로 -

Cho, Hye-Ryeong;Sung, Jong-Sang

  • Received : 2016.05.12
  • Accepted : 2016.06.21
  • Published : 2016.06.30


RHS is a core organization with huge influences on the expansion of the base for the garden culture and industry. This study aimed to examine the meaning and value of the professional charity's role through the appearance background and developmental process of RHS. The passion for plant collection in the Victorian Age of the $19^{th}$ century became the background of establishing the society. Such background of the times and the root of the society are deeply related to the British civil garden culture. The consideration of the forming process of RHS and the study can be summarized as below. First, the professional introduction of exotic plants by plant hunters was developed into an organization supporting professional plant research through collection, sampling, and records, which led to the development of horticulture techniques, growth of plant nursery businesses and established the foundation of the civil garden culture in the UK. Second, after John Loudon was involved in RHS, inspired by the press editing more practical information contents, middle-class and women became new patrons to gardening. Therefore, the care of gardens became a source of agreeable domestic recreation, especially to the female sex. Third, $19^{th}$ century plant collection and exhibition was seen in the Chelsea Flower Show which a key role beyond the UK garden culture. Fourth, those acts of RHS and modernity in $19^{th}$ developed British middle-class domestic gardens which have the character of the ordinary and national garden style in the UK. Such history and activities of RHS are connected to the national status as a country of gardens, which suggests clues to practical measures and values we should aim for in order to settle citizen-centered garden culture.


Plant Hunter;Gardening Press;Middle Class Women Gardener;Flower Show;Cottage Garden


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