A Comparative Study on 「Yanghwasorok」 and 『Zhangwuzhi』 - Focused on the Taste of Plants in Scholar's Garden, Korea and China -

「양화소록(養花小錄)」과 『장물지(長物志)』 화목류에 나타난 문인원림 취미 비교

Park, Hee-Soung;Yun, Jia-Yan

  • Received : 2016.05.30
  • Accepted : 2016.06.24
  • Published : 2016.06.30


The present study aimed to understand the taste of literati appearing in the Korean-Chinese garden by comparing "Yanghwasorok(養花小錄)" and "Zhangwuzhi(長物志)", which are one of the representative gardens in Korea and China. The main subject of comparison is plants; the research results are as follows. First, Gang Hui-an stated that the ultimate purpose of growing and appreciating the gardening plants is the completion of oneself, while Wen Zhen-heng(文震亨) used gardening plants as a means to practice a life of reclusiveness(隱逸). Second, Gang Hui-an claimed that growing plants is human's cultivation of virtue on the basis of Confucian view's gaining knowledge by the study of things(格物致知), whereas Wen Zhen-heng realized the taste of 'elegance(雅趣)' through form of plants or planting method. Third, although plant preference of literati of both countries is similar in many parts, there is a slight difference for putting gardening plants in pots and appreciating them. For example, even for selecting or placing pots, simplicity and lightness are characteristically reflected from Gang Hui-an while splendor and refinedness are characteristically shown from Wen Zhen-heng. Moreover, in light of the taste of appreciation of literati of the Song Dynasty(宋代), which is a sample of literati spirit, Gang Hui-an inherited the inner world of the spirit whereas Wen Zhen-heng expressed 'literati-ness' in visual images.


Neo-Confucianism;Gaining Knowledge by the Study of Things;Elegance;Reclusiveness;Appreciation


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