학령 초기 자녀를 둔 어머니들의 부모됨 경험에 대한 질적 연구

Doh, Hyun-Sim;Song, Seung-Min;Lee, Woon Kyung;Kim, Min-Jung;Shin, Nana;Kim, Tae Woo

  • 투고 : 2016.04.30
  • 심사 : 2016.06.20
  • 발행 : 2016.06.30


Objective: The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of parenthood of mothers of early school-age children, with emphasis on cognitive, behavioral, and emotional aspects of parenthood. Methods: Nineteen mothers whose children were 1st and 2nd grade elementary school children participated in this study. Data were collected through individual in-depth interviews. During the interview, mothers were asked to speak freely about their experiences as parents of early-school age children, including parenting beliefs, parenting behaviors, and emotional experiences related to parenting. These interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed in a thematic way using MAXQDA. Results: Using qualitative methods, five major themes were emerged: (1) Recognizing the role of parents as a supporter of growth; (2) recognizing parenthood of the present generation that imposes expanded roles to mothers; (3) co-parenting of early school-age children and marital relationship; (4) co-existence of different parenting styles based on specific mother-child interaction situations; (5) experiencing a wide spectrum of emotions including anxiety, guilt, and depression, as well as happiness. Conclusion: This study revealed the unique cognitive, behavioral, and emotional aspects of parenthood experienced by mothers with early school-age children. Results of this study can fill a gap in our understanding of parenthood of mothers when their children entered into the new developmental stage of middle childhood. The results could also be used as a basis for developing parent education and family relationship programs.


parenthood;early school-age;parenting beliefs;parenting efficacy;parenting stress;parenting behavior


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연구 과제 주관 기관 : National Research Foundation of Korea