Prediction of Aerodynamic Loads for NREL Phase VI Wind Turbine Blade in Yawed Condition

  • Ryu, Ki-Wahn ;
  • Kang, Seung-Hee ;
  • Seo, Yun-Ho ;
  • Lee, Wook-Ryun
  • Received : 2016.03.22
  • Accepted : 2016.06.21
  • Published : 2016.06.30


Aerodynamic loads for a horizontal axis wind turbine of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Phase VI rotor in yawed condition were predicted by using the blade element momentum theorem. The classical blade element momentum theorem was complemented by several aerodynamic corrections and models including the Pitt and Peters' yaw correction, Buhl's wake correction, Prandtl's tip loss model, Du and Selig's three-dimensional (3-D) stall delay model, etc. Changes of the aerodynamic loads according to the azimuth angle acting on the span-wise location of the NREL Phase VI blade were compared with the experimental data with various yaw angles and inflow speeds. The computational flow chart for the classical blade element momentum theorem was adequately modified to accurately calculate the combined functions of additional corrections and models stated above. A successive under-relaxation technique was developed and applied to prevent possible failure during the iteration process. Changes of the angle of attack according to the azimuth angle at the specified radial location of the blade were also obtained. The proposed numerical procedure was verified, and the predicted data of aerodynamic loads for the NREL Phase VI rotor bears an extremely close resemblance to those of the experimental data.


horizontal axis wind turbine;aerodynamic loads;NREL Phase VI rotor;blade element momentum theorem (BEMT)


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Supported by : Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP)