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교육실습에서 중등 예비과학교사들의 수업계획과 실제수업의 불일치 분석

Analysis on the Mismatch between Instructional Design and Teaching Practice of Pre-service Science Teachers in Teaching Practicum

  • 투고 : 2016.05.17
  • 심사 : 2016.06.03
  • 발행 : 2016.06.30

초록

본 연구의 목적은 예비과학교사들의 수업설계와 실제수업의 불일치내용을 분석하고 그 발생 원인을 고찰하는 것이다. 이를 위해서 2015년 4월부터 5월까지 실시된 교육실습에 예비과학교사 20명이 참여하였고, 예비과학교사들이 작성한 수업지도안과 수업을 분석하여 불일치한 내용을 추출하고, 면담을 실시하였다. 주요 연구 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 도입 단계에서는 '주의집중 및 동기유발' 영역에서 가장 많은 불일치 사례가 발견되었으며, 예비과학교사들은 동기유발 요소를 다른 형태로 수정한 경우가 많았다. 둘째, 전개 단계에서는 가장 많은 불일치 사례가 발견되었는데, 특히 '학습내용제시' 활동에서 학습내용을 추가적으로 제시하여 수업을 하는 경우가 많았다. 셋째, 마무리단계에서는 시간의 부족으로 '학습내용요약' 활동이 누락된 사례가 많았다. 넷째, 예비과학교사들의 수업계획과 실제수업의 불일치 발생원인은 내부요인과 외부요인이 비슷하였으며, 외부요인으로는 지도교사의 피드백과 학생반응에 의한 변화가 가장 많이 발생하였다. 추가적으로 예비과학교사의 수업전문성 신장과 관련하여 반성적 멘토링 프로그램, 지도교사의 중요성, 시간 관리의 중요성 등과 관련된 시사점을 논의하였다.

키워드

예비과학교사;수업계획;실제수업;불일치

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