연약지반 굴착시 지반파괴 저감을 위한 억지말뚝의 간격비 평가

Kim, Jae-Hong

  • 투고 : 2016.05.18
  • 심사 : 2016.07.08
  • 발행 : 2016.07.31


연약지반을 매립한 지반에 굴착을 시행할 경우 흙막이 벽체를 설치하더라도 굴착에 따른 굴착배면 지반의 지하수 유출로 배면지반에 지반파괴가 발생한다. 이를 최소화하기 위해 지반파괴 저감 대책으로 억지말뚝을 적용한 실내모형 실험을 시행하여 무보강일 경우와 억지말뚝 보강시를 비교하여 침하량이 약 3배 정도 차이가 발생하는 보강효과를 확인하였다(Kim, 2014). 금번 연구에서는 이런 억지말뚝의 보강효과 확인에 따른 적정한 억지말뚝 간격비의 평가를 시행하였다. 말뚝 간격비를 0.66(억지말뚝 5개)과 0.76(억지말뚝 3개)로 구분하여 실험한 결과 억지말뚝 적용이 굴착시 지반파괴 저감에 대하여 효과는 있으나 일정간격 이상 좁은 경우 오히려 하중으로 작용할 수 있어 설계시 적절한 간격비의 조정이 필요함을 알 수 있었으며, 본 연구에서는 지반파괴의 저감효과가 있으면서 굴착배면의 하중으로도 작용하지 않는 적정 간격비는 0.7~0.8 정도가 적합하다고 판단되었다.


Stabilizing pile;Space ratio;Model test;Soft ground;Excavation


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연구 과제번호 : 해안연약지반 압밀침하 관리 및 굴착에 의한 기반시설 보호대책

연구 과제 주관 기관 : K-water 연구원