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Damage and fracture processes of concrete using acoustic emission parameters

  • Fan, Xiangqian (Department of Materials and Structural Engineering, Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute) ;
  • Hu, Shaowei (Department of Materials and Structural Engineering, Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute) ;
  • Lu, Jun (Department of Materials and Structural Engineering, Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute)
  • Received : 2016.01.12
  • Accepted : 2016.04.15
  • Published : 2016.08.25

Abstract

In order to observe the internal damage of concrete in real time, we introduced acoustic emission nondestructive detecting technology into a series of fracture tests; the test results revealed the whole process that concrete undergoes when it sustains damage that leads to failure, according to the change rules of the acoustic emission parameters. The results showed that both the initiation and unstable loads can be accurately determined using the abrupt change of the acoustic emission rate curves and the turning point of the acoustic emission parameters' accumulative curves. The whole process, from damage to failure, includes five phases, beginning with damage, such as cracking, a stable crack growth process, a critical unstable stage, and unstable propagation. The brittle fracture characteristics of concrete change when steel bars are joined, because the steel bars and the concrete structure bond, which causes an increase in the acoustic emission signals within the fracture process of the reinforced concrete. The unstable propagation stage is also extended. Our research results provide a valid methodology and technical explanations, which can help researchers to monitor the cracking process of concrete structures, in real time, during actual projects.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Funds for Distinguished Young Scientists of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province, China Postdoctoral Science Foundation

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