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Evaluation on Biological Sensitivity of Three Fumigants Used for Conservation of Wooden Cultural Property

Kim, Si Hyun;Kim, Dae Woon;Lee, Hyun Ju;Lee, Byung Ho;Kim, Bong Su;Chung, Yong Jae

  • Received : 2016.03.10
  • Accepted : 2016.06.19
  • Published : 2016.07.25

Abstract

Fumigants are used worldwide for control of biological agents that damage wooden cultural property. To establish a policy for fumigant use, biological evaluation of insects and microorganisms considering many factors is required. This study was performed to evaluate biological sensitivity and wood penetration of three fumigants applied for control of biological agents that damage wooden cultural properties in Korea. Among these, methyl bromide and ethylene oxide can control insects and fungi when exposed directly. However, they were unable to completely control biological agents within deeper parts of wood. Ethanedinitrile, which was developed as an alternative fumigant, exhibited outstanding wood penetration and biocidal efficacy. Further research involving various environmental conditions is warranted.

Keywords

fumigant;wooden cultural property;biological sensitivity;methyl bromide;ethylene oxide;ethanedinitrile

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage