A Study on Prediction of Overriding Behavior Leading Vehicle in Train Collision

철도차량 충돌시 선두차량의 타고오름량 예측 연구

Kim, Jun Woo;Koo, Jeong Seo;Kim, Geo Young;Park, Jeong Pil

  • Received : 2015.12.16
  • Accepted : 2016.06.29
  • Published : 2016.08.01


In this study, we derived an theoretical equation, using a simplified spring-mass model for the rolling stock, to obtain the overriding behavior of a leading vehicle, which is considered as the main factor in train accidents. To verify the derived equation, we created a simple 2D model based on the theoretical model, and a simple 3D model considering the characteristics of the power bogie. We then compared the theoretical results with the simulation results obtained using LS-DYNA. The maximum relative derivations in the vertical displacements at the first end-buffer, which is the most important point in overriding, were 3.5 [%] and 1.7 [%] between the two results. Further, we evaluated collision-induced overriding displacements using the theoretical equation for a rubber draft gear, a hydraulic buffer under various collision conditions. We have suggested a theoretical approach for the realization of overriding collision accidents or the energy absorption design of the front end of trains.


Overriding;Free-body Diagram;Theoretical Model;Leading Vehicle;Pitching


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Supported by : 국토교통부