Factors Affecting the Spatial Clustering Pattern of Major Office Buildings in Seoul : Changing Impacts between 2003 and 2012

서울시 대형 오피스 건물의 공간적 군집패턴과 영향 요인 : 2003~2012년 변화

  • Lee, Jae-Su ;
  • Jun, Jae-Bum
  • 이재수 ;
  • 전재범
  • Received : 2016.03.11
  • Accepted : 2016.06.30
  • Published : 2016.07.30


The study intends to examine changing patterns of spatial clustering or hotspots of major office buildings developed between 2003 and 2012 in the Seoul. It also investigates the impacts of factors on the location of hot spots. To achieve them, a database of major office buildings is built up based on Geographic Information System. Major findings are as follows. First, total floor area has augmented by 4 percent per annum. Total floor area of prime office buildings are inclined to grow faster than that of others. Second, they tend to be located in three major urban centers. Hotspot analysis represents extensive hotspot areas around them in 2003. In 2012, hotspots in the urban centers are maintained or expanded; various metropolitan and region centers are spatially stretched out. Third, Logit model shows that employment density, employment density of FIRE sector, proportion of redevelopment zone, proportion of commercial zone, proportion of subway-oriented area have significantly positive impacts on the chance of hotspot area. It implies both physical infrastructure and public planning initiatives are important for promoting urban centers. It is needed to establish an official database of office buildings and monitor land use changes.


Office;Spatial Clustering Pattern;Getis-Ord $Gi^*$;Hotspot Analysis;Logit Model


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