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Effects of aminoethoxyvinylglycine (AVG) and 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) treatments on fruit quality attributes in cold-stored 'Jonathan' apples

수확 후 aminoethoxyvinylglycine(AVG)와 1-methylcyclopropene(1-MCP) 처리가 '홍옥' 사과의 저온저장 중 과실품질에 미치는 영향

  • Park, Jun-yeun (Department of Horticultural Science, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Kim, Kyoung-ook (Department of Horticultural Science, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Yoo, Jingi (Department of Horticultural Science, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Win, Nay Myo (Department of Horticultural Science, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Lee, Jinwook (Department of Horticultural Science, Mokpo National University) ;
  • Choung, Myoung-Gun (Department of Herbal Medicine Resource, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Jung, Hee-Young (Applied Bioscience, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Kang, In-Kyu (Department of Horticultural Science, Kyungpook National University)
  • Received : 2016.03.23
  • Accepted : 2016.05.11
  • Published : 2016.08.30

Abstract

'Jonathan' apples are relatively small size which contributes to enhancing fruit consumption and gaining popularity. Thus, this study was carried out to evaluate the effects of AVG (aminoethoxyvinylglycine, ReTain$^{(R)}$), sprayable 1-MCP (1-methylcyclopropene, Harvista$^{TM}$), and fumigation 1-MCP (SmartFresh$^{TM}$) applications on fruit quality attributes and storability in 'Jonathan' apple fruits during cold-stored. The Jonathan fruits were dipped with either ReTain (75 mg/L) or Harvista (125 mg/L) solutions for 5 min, or fumigated with SmartFresh (1 mg/L) for 18 hr before storage at $0{\pm}1^{\circ}C$ for 75 days. Flesh firmness and titratable acidity remained higher in all pre-treated apples than control ones during cold storage period. Flesh firmness was higher for apples treated with ReTain and SmartFresh than samples treated with Harvista, while soluble solid content and respiration rate were not affected by sample pretreatment. Internal ethylene concentration (IEC) of all pretreated apples remained below about $4.5{\mu}L/L$ during the entire storage period while that of control sample greatly increased to $10.29{\mu}L/L$. Ethylene production was much higher in control fruits than in treated ones during cold storage. These results indicated that ReTain and 1-MCP treatments would be considerably effective in retention of fruit quality attributes of 'Jonathan' apple during cold-stored.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

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