Pesticide residues in chili pepper seeds and their transfer into the seed oil

고추씨 중 농약 잔류와 고추씨 기름으로 농약의 이행

  • Lee, Mi-Gyung (Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Andong National University) ;
  • Kim, Jong Seong (Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Andong National University)
  • 이미경 (국립안동대학교 식품생명공학과) ;
  • 김종성 (국립안동대학교 식품생명공학과)
  • Received : 2016.05.08
  • Accepted : 2016.06.08
  • Published : 2016.08.31


A pesticide mix solution containing difenoconazole, lambda-cyhalothrin, and lufenuron was applied 3 times on field grown chili pepper at a fivefold overdose dilution concentration of the spray solution at a pre-harvest interval of 7 day. Difenoconazole, lambda-cyhalothrin, and lufenuron were detected at 4.43, 0.334, and 1.56 mg/kg, respectively, in raw chili pepper. Washing with water reduced the residue levels to 91.4, 94.3, and 85.3%, respectively. In dried chili pepper, the residues of difenoconazole, lambda-cyhalothrin, and lufenuron were 22.2 mg/kg (processing factor, Pf =5.01), 1.65 mg/kg (Pf =4.94), and 6.54 mg/kg (Pf =4.19). In the seeds, difenoconazole and lambda-cyhalothrin were not detected, and lufenuron was detected at 0.0075 mg/kg (n=1) and <0.005 mg/kg (n=2). Thus the pesticide residues in the seeds was negligible. In the seed oil, difenoconazole and lufenuron residues were 0.0263 and 0.0295 mg/kg, respectively (concentration factors=5.26 and 4.72). These concentration factors supported the theoretical concentration factor of 6.8, assuming that all of compound present in the seed are transferred into the oil.

노지재배 고추(chili pepper)에 difenoconazole, lambda-cyhalothrin 및 lufenuron 세 성분 혼합 농약을 안전사용기준 보다 5배 높은 농도로 살포한 후 수확기에 홍고추를 수확했다. 수확한 고추를 수세 및 건조한 후 고추씨로부터 기름을 추출하고 이들 각 시료에 대해 농약 잔류량을 분석하였다. 그 결과 수확한 생 홍고추에 difenoconazole, lambda-cyhalothrin 및 lufenuron 성분이 각각 4.43, 0.334, 1.56 mg/kg으로 잔류했으며 수세에 의해 각각 91.4, 94.3, 85.3% 수준으로 잔류농도가 낮아졌다. 건조에 따른 difenoconazole, lambda-cyhalothrin 및 lufenuron 성분 각각의 농약 가공계수는 5.01, 4.94, 4.19로서 고추 건조에 따른 무게 증가 비율 4.6배를 잘 반영했고 건조과정 중 농약성분의 소실이 전혀 일어나지 않았음을 나타냈다. 고추씨에서는 difenoconazole과 lambda-cyhalothrin은 정량한계 이하(<0.005 mg/kg) 그리고 lufenuron은 두 시료에서 정량한계 이하(<0.005 mg/kg), 한 시료에서 0.0075 mg/kg으로 검출되어 고추 과피에 잔류하는 농약이 고추씨까지 이행되는 양은 거의 무시되는 수준임을 보여주었다. 그러나 고추씨 기름에서 difenoconazole과 lufenuron이 각각 0.0263, 0.0295 mg/kg으로 검출되어 고추씨 기름에서의 농약 농축계수가 difenoconazole 5.26, lufenuron 4.72로 나타났다. 이러한 결과는 지용성이 강한 농약성분의 유지에 대한 이론적 농축계수 6.8배를 잘 설명해준다. 정제과정 없이 압착 방식에 의해 추출되는 고추씨와 같은 식용유지에서 농약성분이 검출될 가능성이 있으므로 앞으로 이에 대한 더 많은 연구가 있어야 할 것이다.


Supported by : 안동대학교


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