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Seminal Plasma Heparin Binding Proteins Improve Semen Quality by Reducing Oxidative Stress during Cryopreservation of Cattle Bull Semen

  • Patel, Maulikkumar (Department of Veterinary Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Science University (GADVASU)) ;
  • Gandotra, Vinod K. (Department of Veterinary Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Science University (GADVASU)) ;
  • Cheema, Ranjna S. (Department of Veterinary Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Science University (GADVASU)) ;
  • Bansal, Amrit K. (Department of Veterinary Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Science University (GADVASU)) ;
  • Kumar, Ajeet (Department of Veterinary Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Science University (GADVASU))
  • Received : 2015.07.10
  • Accepted : 2015.09.11
  • Published : 2016.09.01

Abstract

Heparin binding proteins (HBPs) are produced by accessory glands. These are secreted into the seminal fluid, bind to the spermatozoa at the time of ejaculation, favour capacitation, acrosome reaction, and alter the immune system response toward the sperm. The present study was conducted with an objective to assess the effect of purified seminal plasma-HBPs (SP-HBPs) on cross bred cattle bull sperm attributes during two phases of cryopreservation: Pre freezing and freezing-thawing. SP-HBPs were purified from pooled seminal plasma by heparin affinity chromatography. Three doses of SP-HBPs i.e. 10, 20, $40{\mu}g/mLs$ semen were standardized to find out the optimum dose and $20{\mu}g/mLs$ was found to be an optimum dose. Semen as such and treated with SP-HBPs was diluted with sodium citrate-egg yolk diluter and cryopreserved as per the standard protocol. Sperm parameters i.e. motility, viability, Hypo-osmotic swelling test (HOST), acrosome damage, in vitro capacitation and lipid peroxidation were evaluated in SP-HBP treated and untreated (control) semen at both phases of cryopreservation. A considerable variation in percent sperm motility, viability, membrane integrity (HOST), acrosome damage, acrosome reaction and lipid peroxidation was observed at both phases among the bulls irrespective of the treatment. Incubation of neat semen with $20{\mu}g/mL$ SP-HBP before processing for cryopreservation enhanced the average motility, viability, membrane integrity by 7.2%, 1.5%, 7.9%, and 5.6%, 6.6%, 7.4% in pre-frozen and frozen-thawed semen in comparison to control. There was also an average increase of 4.1%/3.9% in in vitro capacitation and acrosome reaction in SP-HBPs-treated frozen-thawed semen as compared to control. However, binding of SP-HBPs to the sperm declined acrosome damage and lipid peroxidation by 1.3%/4.1% and 22.1/$32.7{\mu}M$/$10^9$ spermatozoa in SP-HBP treated pre-frozen/frozen-thawed semen as compared to control, respectively. Significant (p<0.05) effects were observed only in motility, HOST and in vitro acrosome reaction. It can be concluded that treatment of neat semen with SP-HBPs before cryopreservation minimized the cryoinjury by decreasing the generation of reactive oxygen species.

Keywords

Seminal Plasma;Heparin Binding Protein [HBP];Cryopreservation;Function Tests;Sperm;Cattle Bulls

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