DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Intestinal rupture due to small bowel volvulus in a captive American black bear (Ursus americanus)

아메리카 흑곰에서 발생한 소장 염전에 의한 장 파열 증례

  • Kim, Kyoo-Tae (Animal Health Center, Zoo Land, Daejeon O-World Theme Park) ;
  • Lee, Seung-Hun (College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Kwak, Dongmi (College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University)
  • Received : 2016.04.19
  • Accepted : 2016.07.25
  • Published : 2016.09.30

Abstract

Intestinal rupture caused by small bowel volvulus was diagnosed in a captive 13-year-old male American black bear. The animal presented with decreased appetite, depression, lethargy, and mild abdominal distention for 3 days. The animal was treated with antibiotics, hypermetabolites, and digestive medicine daily; however, it died on the third day of treatment. The clinical symptoms included hemorrhagic ascites, gaseous extension of the small intestine, and intestinal rupture caused by small bowel volvulus. Hemorrhagic signs were observed in the lungs and heart. This is the first case to describe small bowel volvulus in mammals of the family Ursidae.

References

  1. Amstrup SC, Nielsen CA. Acute gastric dilatation and volvulus in a free-living polar bear. J Wildl Dis 1989, 25, 601-604. https://doi.org/10.7589/0090-3558-25.4.601
  2. Choi JH, Kim HW, Kim JK, Jang JY, Kim JY, Yoon JH. Mesenteric torsion in a miniature Schunauzer. Korean J Vet Res 2008, 48, 125-130.
  3. Frasca S Jr, Dunn JL, Van Kruiningen HJ. Acute gastric dilatation with volvulus in a northern fur seal (Callorhinus ursinus). J Wildl Dis 1996, 32, 548-551. https://doi.org/10.7589/0090-3558-32.3.548
  4. Hasbun CR, Lawrence AJ, Samour JH, Al-Ghais S. Duodenal volvulus in free-living green turtles from coastal United Arab Emirates. J Wildl Dis 1998, 34, 797-800. https://doi.org/10.7589/0090-3558-34.4.797
  5. Heard DJ, Garner M, Greiner E. Toxocariasis and intestinal volvulus in an island flying fox (Pteropus hypomelanus). J Zoo Wildl Med 1995, 26, 550-552.
  6. Junius G, Appeldoorn AM, Schrauwen E. Mesenteric volvulus in the dog: a retrospective study of 12 cases. J Small Anim Pract 2004, 45, 104-107. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-5827.2004.tb00211.x
  7. Kang PS, Lee DS. Clinical review of 10 cases of midgut volvulus. J Korean Surg Soc 2004, 66, 328-332.
  8. Kim JM, Lee SY, Kim BG, Hwang JH, Kwon HJ, Choi HS, Jang SM, Lee JN, LEE SH. Two cases of sigmoid volvulus treated by emergency colonoscopic reduction procedure. Korean J Gastrointest Endosc 2006, 33, 105-109.
  9. Kim KT, Lee SH, Kwak D. Postmortem identification of jejunal volvulus in a captive striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena). J Vet Clin 2015, 32, 389-391. https://doi.org/10.17555/jvc.2015.08.32.4.389
  10. Kim KW, Kim YC, Kim DY, Kim SC, Yoon CH, Kim IK. Clinical experience of midgut volvulus. J Korean Surg Soc 2002, 63, 333-336.
  11. Lee HK, Choi SJN. Chronic constipation led to sigmoid volvulus in a child. J Korean Surg Soc 2009, 77, 441-444. https://doi.org/10.4174/jkss.2009.77.6.441
  12. Lee JH, Lee YS, Yang WJ, Chung DJ, Kang EH, Chang HS, Choi CB, Lee JI, Kim HY. Belt loop and circumcostal gastropexy techniques of canine gastric dilatation-volvulus: 4 cases. J Vet Clin 2008, 25, 540-544.
  13. Ramos-Vara JA, Kopcha M, Richter E, Watson GL, Patterson JS, Juan-Salles C, Yamini B. Actinomycotic splenitis and intestinal volvulus in an alpaca (Lama pacos). J Zoo Wildl Med 1998, 29, 228-232.
  14. Ramsay EC. Ursidae (including panda) and hyaenidae. In: Fowler ME, Miller RE (eds.). Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine. 5th ed. pp. 523-538, Saunders, St. Louis, 2003.
  15. Roberts MTM, Enoch DA, Harris KA, Karas JA. Aeromonas veronii biovar sobria bacteraemia with septic arthritis confirmed by 16S rDNA PCR in an immunocompetent adult. J Med Microbiol 2006, 55, 241-243. https://doi.org/10.1099/jmm.0.46295-0
  16. Ryu JH, Yang HJ, Lee G, Lim YS, Kim JK, Ryoo E, Shin JW, Oh SW, Jin W. Small bowel volvulus in adults: a case report. J Korean Soc Emerg Med 2002, 13, 373-376.
  17. Schlanser JR, Agnew D, Paperd DW, Harrison TM. Gastric dilitation-volvulus in a red panda (Ailurus fulgens). J Vet Med Sci 2014, 76, 901-903. https://doi.org/10.1292/jvms.13-0567