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Comparison of Pesticide Residue Amounts in Apple Trees Applied by Different Sprayers and Spray Volumes

살포기 종류별 살포물량별 사과 중 농약 잔류량의 비교

  • Moon, Seong-Hwan (Chemical Safety Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kwon, Hyeyoung (Chemical Safety Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Hong, Su-Myeong (Chemical Safety Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kim, Sang-Su (Chemical Safety Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Son, Kyung-Ae (Chemical Safety Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Lim, Chi-Hwan (Department of Applied Biology, College of Agricultural and Life Science, Chungnam National University)
  • 문성환 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 화학물질안전과) ;
  • 권혜영 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 화학물질안전과) ;
  • 홍수명 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 화학물질안전과) ;
  • 김상수 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 화학물질안전과) ;
  • 손경애 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 화학물질안전과) ;
  • 임치환 (충남대학교 생물환경화학과)
  • Received : 2016.08.18
  • Accepted : 2016.09.30
  • Published : 2016.09.30

Abstract

This study was conducted to compare of the pesticide residue amounts in fruit trees applied by different sprayers and spray volumes. Apple tree was used as a sample tree, and speed sprayer, power sprayer and knapsack motorized sprayer were tested. For similar sprayer and spray volume, the concentration of fluquinconazole and flusilazole in apple leaves were obtained respectively, for speed sprayer 8.33 and 2.15 mg/kg, for power sprayer 4.56 and 1.10 mg/kg, and for knapsack 4.55 and 1.12 mg/kg. The results showed that the treatment using speed sprayer had highest efficiency. The pesticide residues in apple leaves sprayed by 3 different spray volumes (560, 336 and 230 L/10a) using speed sprayer were 10.76 mg/kg, 8.32 mg/kg, 6.04 mg/kg on fluqinconazle and 3.04 mg/kg, 2.14 mg/kg and 1.47 mg/kg on flusilazole, respectively, indicating that the higher the volume, the higher the residues. The results from this study can be used as scientific basis for evaluating the field trial data for pesticide registration and the spray volume setting for fruit trees in Korea.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 국립농업과학원

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