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Enhanced Hybrid Routing Protocol for Load Balancing in WSN Using Mobile Sink Node

  • Kaur, Rajwinder (Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Chandigarh University) ;
  • Shergi, Gurleen Kaur (Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Chandigarh University)
  • Received : 2016.07.30
  • Accepted : 2016.08.19
  • Published : 2016.09.30

Abstract

Load balancing is a significant technique to prolong a network's lifetime in sensor network. This paper introduces a hybrid approach named as Load Distributing Hybrid Routing Protocol (LDHRP) composed with a border node routing protocol (BDRP) and greedy forwarding (GF) strategy which will make the routing effective, especially in mobility scenarios. In an existing solution, because of the high network complexity, the data delivery latency increases. To overcome this limitation, a new approach is proposed in which the source node transmits the data to its respective destination via border nodes or greedily until the complete data is transmitted. In this way, the whole load of a network is evenly distributed among the participating nodes. However, border node is mainly responsible in aggregating data from the source and further forwards it to mobile sink; so there will be fewer chances of energy expenditure in the network. In addition to this, number of hop counts while transmitting the data will be reduced as compared to the existing solutions HRLBP and ZRP. From the simulation results, we conclude that proposed approach outperforms well than existing solutions in terms including end-to-end delay, packet loss rate and so on and thus guarantees enhancement in lifetime.

Keywords

Wireless Sensor Network (WSN);Border Nodes;Greedy Forwarding;Mobile Sinks;Load Balancing

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