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Evaluation of Traits of Button Mushroom Agaricus bisporus

양송이버섯 수집균주의 다양한 형질특성평가

  • Kang, Min-Gu (Gyeongbuk Agricultural Research and Extension Services) ;
  • Jo, Woo-Sik (Gyeongbuk Agricultural Research and Extension Services) ;
  • Kim, Woo-Hyun (Gyeongbuk Agricultural Research and Extension Services) ;
  • Lee, Suk-Hee (Gyeongbuk Agricultural Research and Extension Services) ;
  • Kwon, Soon-Wook (Department of Plant Bioscience, Pusan University) ;
  • Oh, Youn Lee (Mushroom Science Division, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA)
  • 강민구 (경상북도농업기술원 농업환경연구과) ;
  • 조우식 (경상북도농업기술원 농업환경연구과) ;
  • 김우현 (경상북도농업기술원 농업환경연구과) ;
  • 이숙희 (경상북도농업기술원 농업환경연구과) ;
  • 권순욱 (부산대학교 식물생명과학과) ;
  • 오연이 (국립원예특작과학원 버섯과)
  • Received : 2016.06.30
  • Accepted : 2016.09.28
  • Published : 2016.09.30

Abstract

White button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) is the most widely consumed mushroom in the world, and domestic consumption is increasing owing to expansion of the westernized diet in recent years. Before 2000, most Korean mushroom farmers cultivated foreign varieties, but recently, Korean breeders are developing hybrid strains using molecular breeding tools. To produce a better mushroom cultivar, we evaluated some traits of button mushroom Agaricus bisporus strains. Mycelial growth rate at different culture temperatures was investigated by 25>20>15>30>$10^{\circ}C$. Recently developed domestic varieties had superior mycelial growth rate compared to the traditionally grown species. In particular, the ASI1338 strain showed excellent mycelial growth rate at different temperatures. Further, we confirmed that ASI1007, ASI1085, ASI1310, ASI1339 were strongly resistant to bacterial brown blotch, whereas ASI1053, ASI1103, ASI1140, ASI1146, ASI1177, ASI1183, ASI1195, ASI1321, ASI1331, ASI1336 were relatively weakly resistant. The average number of days for 16.5, and that for harvest was 5.7; the average yield was 142.7 g/2-kg bag. Mycelial growth rates at 10, 15, 20, $25^{\circ}C$ were similar, but that at $30^{\circ}C$ was lower. The mushroom yield was highly correlated with the number of days for pinheading and harvest.

Keywords

Agaricus bisporus;Button mushroom;Mycelial growth rate;Trait

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농림축산식품부

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