Influence of Sample Preparation on Thermogravimetric Analysis of Poly(Ethylene-co-Vinyl Acetate)

  • Received : 2016.08.10
  • Accepted : 2016.09.02
  • Published : 2016.09.30


Experimental error sources for thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) of poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) (EVA) were investigated and sample preparation method to reduce the experimental error was suggested. Maximum dissociation temperatures of EVA for the first and second dissociation reactions ($T_{m1}$ and $T_{m2}$, respectively) were measured. By decreasing the weight of raw EVA, the $T_{m1}$ increased but the the $T_{m2}$ decreased. When weight of the raw EVA was over 10 mg, the TGA curve showed abnormal behaviors. The abnormal TG behaviors were explained by gathering and instantaneous evaporation of acetic acid formed by deacetylation of the VA unit. When TGA analysis of EVA was performed using untreated (raw) EVA, the experimental errors were about 1%. In order to eliminate the abnormal TG behaviors and to reduce the experimental errors, EVA film made by solvent casting was used. For the treated EVA (EVA film), the abnormal TG behaviors did not appear, the $T_{m1}$ decreased by about $2^{\circ}C$ but the $T_{m2}$ increased by about $6^{\circ}C$, and the experimental errors were reduced by 0.5%.


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